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2034 810
Published in Volume 9, Issue 2 -

You Are the Object of a Secret Extraction Operation

Shoshana Zuboff

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.2.810

As we move into the third decade of the 21st century, surveillance capitalism is the dominant economic institution of our time. Dr. Shoshana Zuboff, professor emeritus at Harvard Business School and the author of The Age of Surveillance Capitalism -says “Facebook is not just any corporation. It reached trillion-dollar status in a single decade by applying the logic of what I call surveillance capitalism — an economic system built on the secret extraction and manipulation of human data — to its vision of connecting the entire world. No secret extraction means no illegitimate concentrations of knowledge about people. No concentrations of knowledge means no targeting algorithms. No targeting means that corporations can no longer control and curate information flows and social speech or shape human behavior to favor their interests. Regulating extraction would eliminate the surveillance dividend and with it the financial incentives for surveillance.


1205 752
Published in Volume 9, Issue 2 -

Evelyn’s Waugh Pinfold Ordeal: Psychosis and Sleeping Tablets

Robert M. Kaplan

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.2.808

Evelyn Waugh, the finest English prose stylist of his time, was not an easy character who drank and used tablets at will, regardless of the consequences. The events that followed were described in his short novella The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold, his most autobiographical work. The Pinfold character develops a full-blown psychosis with paranoid delusions, hallucinations and thought insertion.


1097 731
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

Editorial Volume 9, Issue 1

Stephan Seiler

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.807

Dear josha-journal readers, While we were still thinking mainly about Corona when we wrote the last editorial and wished our readers a happy new year 2022, we are thrown back on the hard ground of facts only two months later. There is a war going on in Europe, an unimaginable event for all of us! Especially the Josha team, which since its foundation has always been committed to international friendship and cooperation across all territorial borders, is horrified. Our contributor Silke therefore dedicates an article to the attacked country of Ukraine with its anthem and the context of its creation. We will not be stopped in our quest to make science and art accessible to all and wish all readers a successful read despite the dramatic events.


1175 794
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

„United We Stand with the People of the Ukraine"

Neher Aseem Parimoo

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.806

In order to express our sympathy with the Ukrainian people we refrain from publishing an article today and devote our platform to the Ukraine. „United We Stand with the People of the Ukraine" Please find enclosed the music of the national anthem of the Ukraine!


1342 988
Published in Volume 9, Issue 2 -

Understanding the Status, Roles, and Functions of ‘Ulamā in Borno

Usman Al-amin

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.2.805

The paper seeks out to examine the status, roles, and functions of ‘Ulamā in Borno from the seventeenth century to the twentieth century. The high ‘Ulamā in Borno were those who had an official position either in the learned orthodox hierarchy or in the Sufi mystical one. Being an ‘Ulamā is a prime status honor in the Borno. They also have considerable power and a great influence on most Muslims in the Borno society. Thus, they have played a significant role in the propagation, dissemination, and development of Islamic religious knowledge, both Qur’anic education, and Islamic sciences in West Africa in particular and Africa in general. They also serve as intelligentsia, preachers, Imams, teachers, and supernatural endeavors of the state.


1085 1331
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

Das doppelgänger Freud A review of Freud’s Patients: A Book of Lives

Robert M. Kaplan

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.803

Sigmund Freud described very few cases, but more details have come out over the years despite the efforts of the Freud estate to embargo embarrassing records. Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen, a leading historian of psychoanalysis, has described thirty-eight patients treated by Freud. He refrains from taking into account Freud’s interpretations, instead providing an account of how Freud interacted with his patients, contrasting with the canonical version. The conclusion he draws is that Freud’s cures were largely ineffectual, when they were not downright destructive. Relevant aspects of the background and circumstances of the cases is provided. Many patients were of aristocratic descent, some enormously wealthy, a significant number were Jewish, while Americans were given priority because of the high value of the US dollar. It also provides an insight into the fading world of fin de siècle Vienna and how incestuous was the Jewish circle of Freud, his family and patients.


1107 961
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

Philosophy Research Program on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Oncology

Ignacio Mastroleo

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.801

This is a speech addressed to the public of the BioThera Roland Mertelsmann Foundation’s meeting on November 5th 2021, Freiburg, with the motto Artificial Intelligence and Translational Oncology: Cancer Treatment 5.0? where I explain and defend the importance of a Philosophy Research Program on artificial intelligence and machine learning in oncology. The speech has been slightly edited for its publication from the oral version. Ignacio Mastroleo National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) and Programa de Bioetica, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencieas Sociales (FLACSO), Buenos Aires, Argentina. ignaciomastro@gmail.com


1997 827
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

Of Mice and Humans

Julieta Alcain

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.800

Experimental data is what we do with it. It is the analysis that makes them relevant (or not). We have to be especially careful to look at it as fairly as possible. Otherwise, we will see whatever each of us wants to see, always. In February 2013, Junhee Seok showed that mouse models poorly mimic human diseases. In June 2014, Keizo Takao and Tsuyoshi Miyakawa used the same data to conclude the opposite. This is the story of how they shocked the scientific community.


1053 771
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

The Problem of the Authenticity of african Fairy Tales using the examples of the Fairy Tales of the Fon from Benin and the “Kinder- und Hausmärchen” of the Brothers Grimm

Sewanou Lanmadousselo

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.799

This contribution deals with the question of foreign influences on the Fon fairy tales from Benin (West Africa). It has endeavoured to answer the question whether the similarities found in some Fon fairy tales that have been handed down until now and in some Grimm’s fairy tales that have been written down since the 19th century have an effect on the authenticity of the former. It shows that at the centre of the similarities between fairy tales from different cultures is the human being himself through his mental disposition as a producer of the same or similar fairy tales.


1148 797
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

Murder by Death: Renfield Syndrome

Robert M. Kaplan

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.798

What is a psychiatric disorder? How do you distinguish madness from normal behaviour? The nomenklatura of American psychiatry follow a be fruitful-and-multiply approach, with every edition of the DSM – the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – proffering a dazzling array of new conditions. Where these disorders arise is a matter of contentious debate with a strong school of thought contending that they emerge, not from decades of careful clinical observation, but the exigencies of an organising committee with its accompanying politics. This is hardly a good way for a behavioural science to progress, but unwittingly perpetuates a postmodern trope where truth is a dubious entity.