725 578
Published in Volume 10, Issue 5 -

Review: "The Silent Shore: The Lynching of Matthew Williams and the Politics of Racism in the Free State" by Charles L. Chavis Jr, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2022, pp. 304.

Giovanni Santoro

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.5.932

In the realm of American and African American historical literature, rare pieces have unravelled the complex fabric of racial brutality with the equivalent seriousness and scholarly precision as Charles L. Chavis Jr.'s masterwork, "The Silent Shore." Chavis's opus, delving meticulously into the lynching of Matthew Williams in Salisbury, Maryland, in 1931, is far beyond a mere retelling of a singular, distressing incident. Instead, it emerges as a deep contemplation on the wider socio-political forces that have influenced, and still influence, the racial terrain of America.

836 730
Published in Volume 10, Issue 4 -

Inscribing Expositions: Curatorial Strategies in Packing Practice into the Journal for Artistic Research

Chiara Giardi

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.4.930

In this thesis, I inquire about curatorial strategies in research-based artistic practices by focusing on the six expositions (i.e. contributions) published in the 26th issue of the Journal for Artistic Research (JAR). Specifically, I’m interested in how the authors packed their practice into the expositions: What curatorial strategies were involved in this process? Furthermore, I ask whether the concept of “circulating reference” (Latour 1999b) could help to understand the chain of transformations (or inscriptions?) that allows the contributions to claim knowledge. I interviewed all the authors to reconstruct the steps they followed to transform their research/practice into a published product and I analysed the expositions as if they were online exhibitions. I clustered five areas of interest from a curatorial perspective (e.g. to implement a concept) and focused on specific episodes of the packing process that I identify as strategies (e.g.

876 605
Published in Volume 10, Issue 4 -

Inhibition of Microbial Biofilm by the Crude Extracts of Marine Sponge, Stylissa masa

Suman Mallick

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.4.926

Though a number of studies in relation to fouling and antifouling have been carried out throughout the world, few studies on antifouling compounds from marine natural sources have been carried out to address fouling in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Patro et al., 2009). There is a real need for the continuous development of new non-toxic antifouling formulations. An ideal antifouling formulation would have the following properties: permit at least five years of biofouling life cycle control, durable and resistant to damage, repairable, low maintenance, easy to apply, hydraulically smooth, compatible with existing anticorrosion coating, cost-effective, non-toxic to non-target species, and, effective at port and sea. An interesting and promising line of research is inspired by biomimetic solutions.

1216 655
Published in Volume 10, Issue 6 -

Michael Nyman's Bricolage: A Unique Approach to Composition in the 20th Century

Stacy Jarvis

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.6.925

The article presents Michael Nyman's work which has been identified as close to bricolage. He is a famous composer, and his compositions are widely performed, earning his work to be compared to that of Philip Glass, an American composer. Nyman ensured that his work was original and unique from the contemporary composers. His work looks original compared to the works of British composers of the second half of the 20th century. Nyman's bricolage is characterised by a unique composition strategy, including the analysis of the original source, the selection of material, and its recombination based on a new compositional logic. His style is based on processing someone's materials through disassembly and reassembly, which is vital for the production process. For instance, the transformation of 'I'm not angry' is different, and the composer heavily relied on the original source's potential.

913 607
Published in Volume 10, Issue 4 -

Analysis of Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) Derived from CAR-T Cells

Maria Margarita Labastida Arzate

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.4.924

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) conform a heterogeneous group of lipid bilayer membrane particles naturally released by cells. They vary in size, surface composition, mechanism of formation, biochemical content, and function within the human body. EVs are classified in 3 groups, depending on their size and biogenesis: exosomes (originated by the endolysosomal system, measuring 60-150nm in diameter), microvesicles (direct budding from the plasma membrane, measure 100 – 1000 nm size) and apoptotic bodies (released by dying cells, size >1μm). A very important feature of the EVs is the delivery of information by horizontal transfer between the origin cell and the recipient one, evidence suggests that the uptake of EVs by recipients’ cells can induce changes in their own characteristics and function. CAR T-cells are genetically modified T-cells that express on their surface a Chimeric Antigen T-cell Receptor (CAR) specific for a unique antigen expressed in the surface of tumor cells.

810 570
Published in Volume 10, Issue 5 -

JOSHA’s Critical Review of “Tracking Success in a Fertile Start-up Ecosystem” by Nature

Neher Aseem Parimoo, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.5.918

The article "Tracking Success in a Fertile Start-up Ecosystem" explores the vibrant start-up culture in Germany, focusing on two successful start-ups: Clue, a Berlin-based period and ovulation tracker app, and Morpheus Space, a TU Dresden spin-off that has developed an electronic propulsion system for CubeSats. The article discusses the funding opportunities available to German startups, such as the EXIST programme, and notes the country's low percentage of female founders. Overall, the article provides insight into the promising start-up landscape in Germany, highlighting some of the successes and opportunities available. The article was first published in ‘Nature’ on November 26, 2020 (

820 484
Published in Volume 10, Issue 3 -

Editorial Volume 10, Issue 3

Stephan Seiler

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.3.917

Dear josha-journal readers, Before the summer really starts in Europe, josha-journal deals with a variety of topics, especially, as a warning, with a serious issue concerning German history. George M. Weisz, in his excellent study, elaborates the similarities between the genocide of Herero and Nama in Namibia and the Nazi genocide of European Jews and other groups. This should always be a warning not to forget history and to draw a lesson from it for the present and the future. We at josha-journal are committed to community and international exchange. Wherever you stay in the world and read the journal: Stay tuned to us.

886 868
Published in Volume 10, Issue 4 -

Modelling Spatial Scale and Heterogeneity in Rotterdam Housing Market Using Multiscale Geographically Weighted Regression

Naftali Feddes

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.4.915

This study investigates the spatial heterogeneity of the Rotterdam housing market, as well as the spatial scale at which the processes that explain housing prices operate. I use data on 3632 residential properties that were sold in Rotterdam in 2018 provided by the NVM. Using a recently (2017) developed technique called Multiscale Geographically Weighted Regression (MGWR), I show that certain factors explaining residential housing prices operate on different spatial scales, indicating the existence of relatively local and more global effects. Lot size and the state of maintenance of the house exterior seem to operate on a local scale, whereas the degree of isolation and number of rooms appear to be global. Comparison of the MGWR model with a regular GWR with fixed bandwidths and a global hedonic model with location fixed effects, show that the MGWR best fits the data, i.e. a model that allows the bandwidths to vary for each parameter outperforms the models that do not allow this.

797 659
Published in Volume 10, Issue 4 -

JOSHA’s Critical Review of “Crypto Art: A New Era in Art vs. Adventure Challenges” by Taras Habrel

Neher Aseem Parimoo, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.4.911

This article explores crypto art, a new phenomenon in the art world, and compares its challenges and advantages with the traditional art market. It argues that NFTs have brought legitimacy to digital art and offer a transparent and fair alternative for artists seeking financial independence. While acknowledging potential environmental impacts, the article concludes by outlining possible scenarios for the future development of crypto art worldwide. However, it also highlights the significant legal issues that must be addressed for a fair and sustainable market for artists and collectors.

731 674
Published in Volume 10, Issue 6 -

JOSHA’s Critical Review of “High Hopes for ‘Deep Medicine’? AI, Economics, and the Future of Care” by Robert Sparrow and Joshua Hatherley

Neher Aseem Parimoo, Ignacio Mastroleo, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.6.910

"High Hopes for 'Deep Medicine'? AI, Economics, and the Future of Care" by Sparrow and Hatherley critically examines the potential impact of AI on healthcare. The essay questions the optimistic view that AI will enhance the doctor-patient relationship, and identifies economic and institutional factors that may hinder its realisation. Concerns are raised about the erosion of the therapeutic relationship, increased administrative burden, reduced time for patient interaction, and diminished trust in doctors. While acknowledging the benefits of AI in diagnosis, the authors call for a more balanced approach, suggesting specific recommendations and exploring successful examples of AI integration to prioritise patient-centred care and protect the doctor-patient relationship.