237 127
Published in Volume 10, Issue 2 -

Ein Beitrag zur Künstliche Intelligenz – A Contribution to Artificial Intelligence

Hans Burkhardt

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.2.892

This paper will not be able to cover the subject comprehensively, rather it will highlight and explain major lines of thought in Artificial Intelligence (AI). Mathematics will be largely avoided. The paper describes the elementary working principles of today's AI, points to a number of successful applications, and presents perspectives for the future. This paper was previously published in Ordnung der Wissenschaft (OdW) Issue 02/2023 (

260 173
Published in Volume 10, Issue 2 -

Künstliche Intelligenz in der Krebstherapie - Artificial Intelligence in Cancer Therapy

Gabriel Kalweit, Maria Kalweit, Ignacio Mastroleo, Joschka Bödecker et al.

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.2.875

The number of computer- and data-based tools is rapidly increasing in the field of oncology. Corresponding methods are finding their way into almost all areas of application, from diagnostic systems and tumour modelling to prognosis of disease progression. However, the sheer combinatorial complexity of this disease, resulting from more potential combinations of cancerous mutations than atoms in the universe, leads to the need for cancer treatment optimised for individual patients. The use of artificial intelligence to optimise therapeutic interventions aimed at controlling cancer within clinically meaningful limits is still a very uncharted territory that has rarely been entered beyond pure in silico experiments. In this manuscript, we explain the basics of artificial intelligence, show some applications already established today, provide a vision of an AI-controlled therapeutic system, and briefly discuss some general ethical considerations.

309 182
Published in Volume 10, Issue 1 -

Das Regime des nackten Überlebens The Regime of Bare Survival

Jörg Friedrich

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.10.1.872

Reflection on Hannah Arendt can show: If we let ourselves be driven by the idea of avoiding death at all costs, there is not much left of life. Everything in life is connected with danger for life. We have to first and foremost accept our finiteness and our mortality. Then we must ask ourselves what is worth living for and what is worth the risk of dying for.

402 318
Published in Volume 9, Issue 5 -

Kunst und Künstliche Intelligenz – Art and Artificial Intelligence

Elena Greta Falcini

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.5.846

Artificial intelligence: For some time now, this magic word has been stirring not only business and the public, but also our imagination. We imagine brains intervene in everyday life, make complex decisions with cool expertise, perform the most astonishing services, and - in the worst case - put us out of work. Fact is that artificial intelligence (also referred to as AI) has already come a long way and that the status quo is only the beginning of many further developments and revolutions.

434 310
Published in Volume 9, Issue 5 -

Wendepunkt Mutterschaft - Turning Point Motherhood

Nadine Bleile

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.5.843

This master's thesis provides an overview of the changes and challenges of motherhood in women's educational biographies. The role that family planning plays in how women shape and evaluate their lives after birth of their children and which opportunities and problems they have to deal with. In particular, the individual life history background as well as social and political factors were considered. Since family planning in the sense of life planning requires a comprehensive view, in addition to the inclusion of family-sociological and population-scientific perspectives, additional psychological and cultural aspects were also included in the analysis.

471 301
Published in Volume 9, Issue 4 -

Der Aufstieg der Unicorns - The Rise of the Unicorns

Urtak Hoti

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.4.839

The aim of this academic paper is to highlight success factors for startups, especially unicorns, with Germany as a location, to discuss deficient aspects and to explain the development of unicorns. In summary, it is important for the German startup scene and especially for politics to create better framework conditions for all participants in the ecosystem. German politics must slowly recognize that innovations are not only created by the strong middle class. German founders have high qualifications due to their university education, which is why this strength should be used by startups in the market. Startups, through their way of thinking, offer new opportunities to tackle problems and bring forth innovations. The federal government should also arrive in the digital world. First and foremost, there should be a targeted reduction in bureaucracy to make processes in government agencies uncomplicated for startups as well as for society as a whole.

522 358
Published in Volume 9, Issue 3 -

Alternativlos Unter dem Hashtag #IchbinHanna wehren sich Forschende gegen das Befristen von Arbeitsstellen. Zu Recht?

Kerstin Krieglstein

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.3.823

Researchers during and after their doctorate are under pressure: they resist fixed-term contracts, they are uncertain about their family planning, they are afraid of career endings and express their worries thousands of times under the hashtag #IamHanna on Twitter. At the center of the criticism, once again: the Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz (German Act on Temporary Academic Contracts), which allows for the temporary employment of mid-level academic staff. Dieser Artikel ist erstmals in DIE ZEIT 26/2021 erschienen. Gefolgt von einer Publikation in ODW 04/2021

573 310
Published in Volume 9, Issue 2 -

Staatliche Steuerungsmöglichkeiten zur Förderung des Teilens von Forschungsdaten - Government control options to promote the sharing of research data

Miriam Tormin, Philipp Overkamp

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.2.811

The open science movement is increasingly demanding that researchers provide access to the underlying data of published research results. While the exchange of such data is already widespread, data sharing is used in many areas of research still in its infancy. In order for Germany to stay "competitive", as a research location European as well as transnationally the potential of available and interlinkable data have to be exploited. There are still only a few requirements for data sharing that go beyond non-binding recommendations. There is a lot of catching up to do. Previously published in ODW 01/2022: Heft 01/2022 Archive | Ordnung der Wissenschaft

879 366
Published in Volume 9, Issue 1 -

Auszüge aus dem Buch „Der Mensch Jesus und der ungläubige Christ“ Excerpt of the book: „The Man Jesus and the Unbelieving Christian “.

Joachim-Friedrich Kapp

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.9.1.802

It is an excerpt of Joachim Friedrich Kapp´s fourth book "Der Mensch Jesus und der ungläubige Christ “-The Man Jesus and the Unbelieving Christian “. He refers to the historical Jesus, who, in contrast to the divine-mythological Christ, is essentially human and thus places a different claim on the ethical basic attitude. The book is written for Christians who have a hard time with the profession of faith because they cannot support the statements there: they are called unbelieving Christians. Above all, the enlightenment man is increasingly alien to the underlying assumption of a creator God gifted with a will.

819 655
Published in Volume 8, Issue 5 -

To Bordeaux – With Love. A Homage in Three Languages

Gerhard Steinmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.8.5.795

For the next glass of Bordeaux, it's not far, everywhere in the world. The way to the city of Bordeaux can be very long, but it is worth it. This is a trilingual tribute to a city with which the authors have developed a very personal relationship over the decades. Especially since the turn of the millennium, we have witnessed with great enthusiasm how the city is developing into a French jewel. Not only a student city, but also a city of French high culture in all areas, history, sciences, arts and last not least French culinary. On the way to the Atlantic, a detour is worthwhile. What could be better than a day in Bordeaux! Gerhard Steinmann, International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts, Freiburg i.Br., Germany with photos of Claudia Steinmann-Fölger and others