In Chapter Two, Al-amin attempts to combine both the anthropological and historical approaches to describe the processes of traditional Qur’anic education and scholarship in Borno, especially the recent trends. He examines the origin, types, methods, and stages of Qur’anic education. Therefore, he concludes that the status of Qur’anic education and scholarship in Borno is set for the heights regardless of the socio-cultural challenges and the misconceptions attributed to it.
In Chapter One, Al-amin revisits the dynamics that shaped the evolution of education in Northern Nigeria from pre-colonial times to the present day, with a particular focus on the socio-economic, political, and cultural factors that influenced the nature of educational provision and access. He draws on a wide range of sources to illuminate the complex relationships between education, colonialism, and social change. He further shows how education was used as a tool for social control and how it became a site of resistance and contestation during periods of political upheaval.
The year 2023 is drawing to a close and, unfortunately, some of us will not remember it too positively. The global upheavals – climate damage, war, migration and more – are casting too much of a shadow over coexistence on the planet. We at Josha Journal and the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts do not want to join in. We want to continue to be open to the world, curious and collaborative. Not only, but especially in the scientific community, these are values which must be cultivated! The Josha Journal is designed to be international, and we have once again achieved this goal in the year that is drawing to a close. So perhaps the year didn't go so badly after all. We will continue to be open to new knowledge in the new year 2024. You, the Josha community, are welcome to share this with us and get involved! Contributions are always welcome. The teams at the Journal and the Academy, wish everyone a happy new year 2024.
Critical Review of “Ethics & Governance of Artificial Intelligence for Health” by the World Health Organization (WHO)
This analysis provides a critical review of the World Health Organization (WHO) online course 'Ethical and Governance of Artificial Intelligence for Health'. It provides a comprehensive exploration of the transformative potential of AI in health, with an emphasis on ethics and human rights. The course covers various aspects, including AI applications, ethical principles, resource allocation, bias, cybersecurity and environmental impact. It successfully combines theoretical concepts with practical applications, making it accessible to different audiences, including policymakers and healthcare professionals. The critical review highlights the course's strengths in raising awareness of critical issues but notes its limitations in providing concrete guidelines for ethical AI design and practical strategies for real-world implementation.
In the dynamic world of psychology, evolution is constant. As we navigate the intricate corridors of the human mind, the landscape of psychological exploration is marked with emerging trends that define the field’s trajectory and shape both research and practice. This article aims to shed light on the leading developments in psychology and offer reading suggestions to encourage further exploration and understanding of these intriguing facets that captivate and redefine our understanding of the human psyche and psychology as a science as well.
JOSHA’s Critical Review of "Death and the Meaning of Life in Logotherapy and in “The Death of Ivan Ilych”: Psychological Analysis of a Literary Work”
This study explores the connection between psychology and literature by investigating how the themes of "death" and the "meaning of life" intertwine. It draws from Viktor Frankl's Logotherapy and Existential Analysis, examining their application in literature with insights from psychologists. Focusing on Leo Tolstoy's "The Death of Ivan Ilyich," the research applies Frankl's perspective, suggesting that facing death can catalyze a deeper comprehension of life's meaning and accelerate the realization of different value categories: creative, experiential, and attitudinal. The study specifically looks into the protagonist's adoption of attitudinal values in response to the unavoidable suffering he confronts.
JOSHA’s Critical Review of "Implications of the Social Dichotomy between Thinking and Acting on Teenage Pregnancy Rates” by Rosiana Silva da Silva, Rosângela Araújo Darwich
The research by Rosiana Silva da Silva and Rosângela Araújo Darwich is focused on the impact of conflicting societal values on young women who experienced teenage pregnancy in Brazil. Conducted amid the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, it involved 15 participants spanning various age groups. Through online interviews and content analysis, the study revealed a consistent pattern of misinformation across different generations, underscoring the urgent need for new policies and platforms for open discussions to address adolescent vulnerability and enhance their overall experience during this critical phase of life.
JOSHA’s Critical Review of "Exploring Letters in The Kid: Stimulating the Formation of Reading and Writing Skills” by Ana Clara Solon Rufino, Rosângela Araújo Darwich
This field study aims to promote the formation of readers and writers through the epistolary textual genre, even in times of predominant technology. The guidelines are based on the theories of Soares (2009) and Bakhtin (2003), the writing hypotheses of Ferreiro and Teberosky (1999), and the importance of writing and reading in life, according to Morais (2003). Adopting the methodology of field study and qualitative approach, we examined how students of the 6th grade of a public school in Pará and in the age group of 11 to 13 years approached these areas of learning, using episodes of Turma do Chaves (The Kid) related to letters. We highlighted the need for an interdisciplinary approach, with trained teachers, to promote reading and writing in all subjects.
The 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City demolished one-third of the building, killing 168 people, including 19 children, and injured 684 others – the worst act of domestic terrorism in American history. The bomb was placed by Timothy McVeigh who intended it to provoke a right-wing rising as a declaration of war against the Federal government. McVeigh, who made little effort to avoid detection, was found guilty and duly executed after a relatively short time of six years. McVeigh, coming from an unsettled but not traumatising upbringing, developed an early obsession with guns which progressed to the extreme right-wing survivalist movement. He had a good military career and was decorated in the first Gulf War but became disillusioned after failing to get into Special Forces.
With this editorial, the Josha-Journal team and the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) would like to congratulate this year's winners of the Demetrios Prizes! We awarded these prizes to three outstanding Master's theses: "Modeling Spatial Scale and Heterogeneity in Rotterdam Housing Market Using Multiscale Geographically Weighted Regression" by Naftali Feddes, Erasmus School of Economics, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, "Transgenerational Intrafamily Violence: Case Study in a Specialized Center for Social Assistance in the Administrative District of Belém-PA" by Lia L. Botega, University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil and. "Inscribing Expositions: Curatorial Strategies in Packing Practice into the Journal for Artistic Research" by Chiara Giardi, Zurich University of the Arts, Zurich, Switzerland. Thank you to all the submissions and congratulations to this year's winners!