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326 185
Published in Volume 7, Issue 1 -

Correlation between ultrasound diagnosis of chorionicity with postpartum placental histopathology and the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in monochorionic twin pregnancies

Silvia Juliana Barajas Rueda , Carlos Hernan Becerra

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.1.632

The objective of this study is to determine if non-correlation between the ultrasound diagnosis of chorionicity with a postpartum placental histopathological study is a risk factor for presenting adverse perinatal outcomes, assumed fact, but it has not been registered yet in the current literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: transversal and retrolective study. Twin pregnancies cases treated in the HUS between 2014-2019 were evaluated. Cases with a postpartum placental histopathological study report, concerning monochorionic twin pregnancy, were included. The ultrasound / histopathological diagnostic correlation of chorionicity was evaluated between initial obstetric ultrasound and placental study. Stratified sampling analysis was performed according to the presence or absence of diagnostic correlation and according to the time of the obstetric ultrasound.


234 162
Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

PENSAR CON OTROS, La Era de la Posverdad - Las palabras y las cosas, Capitulo 1- THINKING WITH OTHERS: A survival guide in times of post-truth

Guadalupe Nogués

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.631

Below is the introduction, preface and first chapter of the book Pensar con otros. Una guía de supervivencia en tiempos de posverdad (Thinking with others. A survival guide in times of post-truth), published in 2018. A book that aims to be a starting point to break down post-truth into its main components through concrete examples, as a way to better prepare ourselves to identify the structures that foster post-truth and thus achieve, together, survival and victory. Post-truth allows facts to become facts as long as they fit the desires of each group, of each tribe. Each of these groups develops its own narrative with a language that privileges the capacity to provoke emotions, and pushes those emotions to build landscapes only accessible to those who share the way of looking at them. This discontinuity in the landscape is a threat to the existence and development of meaningful human bonds, to our coexistence as a species on this planet and, thus, to our survival.


343 193
Published in Volume 7, Issue 1 -

THE EFFECT OF CERVICAL CANCER SURGICAL MANAGEMENT ON SEXUAL FUNCTION IN A NORTHEASTERN COLOMBIAN HOSPITAL

Astrid Paola A. Cuervo , Franco Garcia, Rocio Guarin

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.1.630

Female sexual function is one of the determinants factors for female health. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of surgical management on female sexual function in patients with cervix cancer six months after the intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prolective cohort in which we applied in a voluntary way the Female sexual function index (FSFI) n women with a diagnosis of cervix cancer and surgical management with active sexual life treated in Hospital Universitario de Santander (Colombia) in 2019.


450 322
Published in Volume 7, Issue 1 -

Evaluation of the determinants of magnesemia in patients with preeclampsia with severe features treated according to 2013 task force Figo protocol. By Dr. Katherine Bahamon Florez.

Juan Carlos Otero Pinto, Sergio Andres Calvo Castro et al.

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.1.628

Corresponding Author: Katherine Bahamon Florez. The therapeutic schemes with magnesium sulfate for the treatment to severe criteria preeclampsia haven't had changes since the last century; they don't take into account the medicine's pharmacokinetics, resulting in variations on the Magnesium's serum levels. There is local research which evidenced that the use of current schemes is associated with subtherapeutic serum levels. Looking at factors that influenced creatinine's serum levels, body mass index (BMI) and the therapeutic scheme used. In this prospective study made in a third level hospital. We studied 90 pregnant women diagnosed with severe criteria preeclampsia, who were treated in the University Hospital of Santander from 2018 to 2019 and who started a prophylactic scheme with magnesium sulfate by 24 hours.


518 380
Published in Volume 6, Issue 11 -

FROM THE POSSIBLE PREDOMINUM OF TECHNOLOGY TO THE CRISIS OF THE HUMAN REASON

Lizdaribeth Josefina Torrealba Hernandez

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.6.11.622

Reason must be the faculty that provides the principles of knowledge a priori; with it, the human being has the capacity of rising, with the autonomy to judge about itself and its surroundings without delegating its own criteria to anyone. This writing glimpses the near danger that the human will experience unless he makes continuous use or exercises his superior faculties of the soul." Sapere Aude" is the Latin locution that urges the human being to think for himself; however, is a man conscious that there must be a frivolity of thought that delays his society? Among so many adversities, technology with its progress result disturbing if its dominance reins over the will and thought of man; However, intuition must be key to placing this in a reality where one can have objective conscious of what exists. The technological advances are innovations that alter reality in a positive and negative way according to its purpose.


552 376
Published in Volume 6, Issue 7 -

DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! La migración como tema en el cine latinoamericano - Migration as a theme in Latin American cinema. Border between Mexico and the United States.

María Fernanda Sandoval Cabrera

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.6.7.585

One of the winners, Venezuelan María Fernanda Sandoval Cabrera, presents her thesis questioning the real work of the media today around the illegal migration on the U.S.-Mexico border. In addition to the fact that migration is a current topic of great interest around the world, cinema also includes other critical content of great interest in the field of communication. However, in terms of the dissemination of both positive and negative information, as well as truthful and misleading information, it is possible to comment that today's audiovisual media function persuasively as creators of social opinions and, consequently, as a stereotyping entity of the masses.


614 403
Published in Volume 6, Issue 7 -

DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! Tortura: permisibilidad, mundo real y legislación - Torture: permissibility, real world and legislation

Federico Abal

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.6.7.584

one of the winners, Federico Abal, presents the torture known as one of the actions considered morally aberrant and unacceptable. It often refers to the prohibition of this practice as an illustration of the type of rights that all people have for the sole reason that they are tortured and that must be respected. Despite this negative assessment of torture, expressed masterfully in the anecdote of the anarchist comrade, the debate over its moral permissibility has been revitalized in recent decades. In his thesis, the author addresses this and other problems related to the contemporary debate on torture. From the analysis offered in these three chapters he concludes that torture is an immoral prima facie practice, that it can be morally justifiable in exceptional cases and that, by virtue of such exceptionality, it is not reasonable to incur in legal reforms such as those proposed by the institutionalist model.


577 431
Published in Volume 6, Issue 7 -

DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! El pathos trágico en el joven Nietzsche - The tragic pathos in the young Nietzsche. Art and Life according to The Birth of Tragedy

Joaquín Emanuel Campodónico Gómez

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.6.7.583

Campodonico as one of the Winners, From Argentina, present his work showing an interesting perspective of tragic. The author's research concludes based on the movement of a concept that is used for exegetical purposes in the interpretation of much of The Birth of Tragedy. As we have seen, it is coupled with enormous success in the argument of the book. Therefore, the importance of art for the young Nietzsche greatly transcends his relationship with Richard Wagner, as well as his appropriation and reinterpretation of many Schopenhaurian ideas and, moreover, the historical moment of Germany at the end of the 19th century. For Nietzsche, art is something so significant that it cannot be subject to the impression of a moment - even a stage in his life. We have argued that the complexity of the book on tragedy proves that it is the product of long years of meditation, analysis, discovery, and experience on the part of the professor in Basel.


583 357
Published in Volume 6, Issue 7 -

DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! El amor romántico desde una mirada marxista - Romantic love from a Marxist perspective

Guido Selim Arditi

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.6.7.581

One of the Winners, Guido Arditi, was born in Argentina in 1986. Thanks to his excellent academic performance at an early age, he was awarded a scholarship to finish high school at The Mahindra United World College of India, where he graduated in 2005. He studied Philosophy at the University of Buenos Aires in his home country, and in 2012 was awarded a scholarship to study at the University of the Republic in Uruguay. His final thesis was "Romantic Love from a Marxian Perspective" for which he won the Demetrios Prize in 2019. Since 2016 he is doing his Ph.D. at the University of Buenos Aires. He has participated in numerous congresses in different universities in Argentina, and also in Montevideo (UdelaR), Puerto Rico (UPR) and New York (NYU/Columbia). His work has been published in specialized magazines in different countries such as Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia. He has also given a TEDx lecture and has been invited on some radio programs that can be found online.


372 192
Published in Volume 6, Issue 6 -

The Natural and Cultural Heritage of Humanity - La Herencia Natural y Cultural de la Humanidad

Lizdaribeth Torrealba

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.6.6.577

The heritage of humanity must be the capital of the world, that is, a potential sample of nature and man genius, these creators being very aesthetic manifestations. Added, it is necessary to announce that the present essay is a research study on the need to raise awareness about the care of the manifestations that conform to our natural and cultural heritage. This writing has to be based and justified under the vision of UNESCO and the conservationist incidence of the Burra Charter (1979) and the Venice Charter (1964), as well as research, is enriched thanks to certain documents that encourage and demonstrate what very important is the preservation, care, and restoration of the diverse riches that sustain the heritage of humanity. In summary, this essay defines the need to empathize with our culture and nature, at the level, of identifying ourselves with each heritage as active participants of its care.