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Published in Volume 7, Issue 6 -

Editorial Volume 7, Issue 6

Silke Masullo

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.6.731

The Journal of Sciences, Humanities and Arts wants to move on in 2021 to provide you many more articles in your favorite research fields and further exciting artworks. The whole Journal-Team wishes you a happy new year 2021!


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 6 -

Breast Implant Illness (BII)

Franziska Buttgereit

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.6.725

BII is not an official medical diagnosis. Women with breast implants who experience a variety of physical symptoms often associate them with their breast implants, referring to them as Breast Implant Illness (BII). These symptoms include, for example: fatigue, chest pain, hair loss, headache, chills, sensitivity to light and other chronic pain, rash, body odor, anxiety, drowsiness, sleep disorders, depression, and even neurological and hormonal problems. Affected patients attribute their issues to their implants, whether they be filled with saline or silicone, textured or smooth.. The recent surge in patients reporting symptoms of BII appears to be due to social media. There is a Facebook group of more than 50,000 members, all of whom report symptoms of BII. This is not to say that social media is the cause of the BII, but it may be responsible for the rapid increase in awareness and coverage.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 6 -

The Empowerment of Women and Children in India

Gayatri Sunkad

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.6.724

The empowerment in the view of the women in India is necessary because the women population contributes more than 49% of the nation. A woman is like a captain of the ship and she is having the responsibility in leading the family, balancing the economic condition of the family, and also having the responsibility of educating the children. The empowerment of children is also necessary, in the view of the progress of the nation, because they are the future citizens of the country. The future of the nation depends on the well being of the children. If they are physically and mentally fit, then only they can contribute for the leading of the nation.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 6 -

Editorial Volume 7, Issue 5

Stephan Seiler

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.6.720

Dear JOSHA readers, In this bi-monthly issue we will present you the 2020 Demetrios Award winners. Five prizes go to young researchers in the categories Bachelor, Master and PHD. In addition, there are many other interesting contributions to discover. Finally we would like to remind you that you can support us with a small donation. http://josha-journal.org/en/donate Visit our social media #joshajournal and get to know us from the Instagram gallery and the Facebook wall. Remember that you can comment on the articles and also provide your star ranking.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 6 -

External Actors and Democratization Process in Nigeria's Fourth Republic: The Case of the United States of America

Olayide O. Oladeji

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.6.719

This paper examines the role of external actors in the democratization process in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic with a focus on the United States of America. Democracy promotion abroad is a relatively recent phenomenon in international relations. It became a focus of study and/or foreign policy consideration in international relations after the end of the Cold War, which made the US a unipolar global power. Thus, democracy promotion abroad since this time became a major element in the US foreign policy. This coincided with the demand for democratic change in Nigeria, which got to a head with the annulment of the June 12, 1999 presidential election by the military government of General Babangida. Thus, the motivation for this paper is the desire to understand the role of external actors, especially the US, in the democratization process in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 5 -

The Chrysalis Project

Joachim Frank

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.5.718

A convocation speech of Dr. Joachim Frank (Columbia University), alumnus of the University of Freiburg, to the students of the Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Delhi on September 26, 2020. The author expresses concerns regarding the current pandemic and suggests that this might be a good opportunity to rearrange the world, rather than going back to normal.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 5 -

Health Impact Fund

Felicitas Holzer

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.5.717

As currently designed, pharmaceutical markets have a fundamental flaw that mainly affects poor people: the development of new medicines is funded exclusively through markups protected by patents. This flaw causes research neglect of diseases concentrated among the poor. It deprives poor people of access to patented medicines even when these can be mass-produced cheaply. And it encourages suboptimal treatment with medicines that earn much higher markups than those that are best for the patient. The Health Impact Fund would create complementary incentives that delink the price of medicines from the fixed costs of innovation and cover the latter through health impact rewards. The webinar addresses issues of global health and the solution of the Health Impact Fund in the light of the current COVID-19 pandemic.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 6 -

The Complexity of the Venturi Contradiction

Blerim Lutolli

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.6.716

The purpose of this review is to explore Venturi’s approach to architecture as based on new insights into two of his books, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture and Learning from Las Vegas, coupled with critiques from Peter Blake and Louis Huxtable and one of Venturi’s last interviews. Modern architects often confuse orderliness with order, which creates works that Venturi would describe as without meaning in the world. Even though many modern architects would argue that Venturi’s ideas and works are contradictory, Venturi would respond that contradiction accommodates order. Venturi wanted modern architects to realize only one thing—perfection in the architectural world can and should include imperfection, in all its forms.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 5 -

The Tell Tale Heart

Timoteo Marchini

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.5.713

During the first week of December 1952, a dense toxic fog settled over London, resulting in a total excess of 4,000 deaths compared to the previous week. The magnitude of this event, in terms of the number of people affected, finally confirmed that air pollution caused by human activities can be deadly. For the first time in history, humans became aware of the urgent need of building a relationship with the environment that achieves, in addition to their own development, their survival. The Great London Fog of 1952 is a milestone in air pollution epidemiology and environmental toxicology. This is the story. Previously published at: https://elgatoylacaja.com/ on July 23rd 2018.


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Published in Volume 7, Issue 5 -

Music & Medicine

Franziska Buttgereit

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.5.711

The use of music in medicine has been attested both among indigenous people and in the ancient civilizations up to Greco-Roman antiquity. In the 18th century, the therapeutic effect of music was increasingly used in the area of ​​mental disorders, from which today's music therapy developed. There is hardly an area in medicine today that does not attempt to achieve health-promoting effects with music.