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638 512
Published in Volume 5, Issue 10 -

Passing on a baton - Einen Taktstock weitergeben

Leander Hotaki

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.10.513

Leander Hotaki is since 2010 the director of the German program called "Albert Konzerte" which is a program in charge of making possible to bring the greatest artist of the World to Freiburg and to make the most wonderful concerts in the south-west of Germany. In fact, he also promotes the work of the best students in the field of dramaturge or music in many universities in Germany and writes columns about different topics around music and musicians. This time he writes about the business in the music world. In contrast to many medium-sized companies, many musician families systematically build up "successors", even over many years: the children receive the best education, are involved in projects, travel the world with their parents and for their part build up a network.


673 452
Published in Volume 5, Issue 9 -

Editorial of Volume 5, Issue 9

Anusha Venkatraman

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.9.508

At JOSHA, we strive towards getting literary contributions from diverse topics and fields. In this issue, we again saw very exciting contributions from authors and the focus was on art, literature, and history. Through the bilingual articles ‘’Art- the mother of all discoveries’’, Stefan Seiler and Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer brought us the details about the successful concert organized by The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts for the second time. The event was hosted by IASHA e.V. and Marcel Thimm, CEO of Sparkasse Freiburg and saw extraordinary performances and turned out be an eventful evening brimming with art. ©2015 The Authors. Published by the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.


573 434
Published in Volume 5, Issue 9 -

Art - The mother of all discoveries

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, Stephan Seiler

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.9.506

Science meets art! The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts organizes a successful concert for the second time. With the motto "Art opens the mind and heart," the deputy chairman of IASHA e. V. Prof. dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Roland Mertelsmann opens the successful symbiosis of music, poetry and scientific talent development. The event was hosted by IASHA e.V. and Marcel Thimm, CEO of Sparkasse Freiburg. IASHA e.V. is a non-profit organization with the aim of creating and supporting the international and interdisciplinary exchange between researchers, artists, philosophers and interested parties. The focus is on promoting young scientists and artists through scholarships, prizes and the opportunity to publish in the Journal of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts.


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Published in Volume 5, Issue 9 -

Gender and Religion in Nigeria: The Role of Northern Nigerian Muslim Women in National Development.

Usman Al-amin

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.9.503

What is the role of the northern Nigerian Muslim women in national development? This is a question for which we do not have a good answer. All that we know is how important women are in marital life as housewives but their role in politics and civil service remain obscure. This is because the literature on Nigeria's national development is relatively silent on the contributions of Muslim women. In northern Nigeria, awareness about the role of Muslim women in development gained momentum in 1985 with the formation of The Federation of Muslim Women’s Associations in Nigeria (FOMWAN). Awareness was further enhanced in 1995 as a result of the effective participation of northern Nigerian Muslim women in the International Conference on Women in Beijing, China. The case study is an attempt to analyze the role of Muslim Women in an urban middle-class context in Northern Nigeria.


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Published in Volume 5, Issue 9 -

Moving Beyond Home: The Changing Status of Muslim Women in Northern Nigeria.

Usman Al-amin

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.9.502

The relationship between the religions, customs, and status of women across the world is an enduring global mystery. In northern Nigeria, several years ago, Muslim women remain disadvantaged in many areas of life, including education, employment, health, and civil rights. Gradually, some of the changes appeared in the picture which have greatly improved the lives and status of women in the region, particularly the social, economic and political status. The northern Nigerian Muslim women have switched over from the backstage to the forward. Hence, in northern Nigeria today, we have women in virtually all spheres of life. A lot has been said about the status of women in northern Nigeria, however, so far, most research was limited to general introduction or explanations to the single facts, such as polygyny, divorce etc. This research-which I consider a pilot study is a description of the changing status of Muslim women in northern Nigeria.


595 460
Published in Volume 5, Issue 8 -

JOSHA Editorial. Volume 5, Issue 8

María Fernanda Sandoval

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.8.490

October 2018 was a very exciting month for us in JOSHA. We have had a most stimulating competition with many interesting theses of students from different universities in Germany. This competition has been called DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2018 and has its focus on Bachelor-, Master- and Ph.D. Theses. The DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019 will be announced shortly in JOSHA. "Arts: The mother of all inventions" was the motto of this year`s concert with the Soprano Kim-Lillian Strebel and the Poet Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer. A full audience, a wonderful concert, and a fascinating short story, as well as the presentation of the Demetrios Prizes 2018 will stimulate us to continue our strategy to support young scientists and artists by scholarships, prizes, as well as cultural and scientific events. Moreover, we would like to inform our readers that selected articles published in the future are going to be available in other languages as well.


760 424
Published in Volume 5, Issue 9 -

Knowledge That is Not Communicated is Wasted: JOSHA - Open Access With Author Copyright

Gerhard G. Steinmann, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.9.488

Universal access to knowledge is a fundamental principle of science and humanities. Today, however, publications of science and humanities are locked behind high paywalls and non-transparent selection procedures. In the efforts to resolve the misery, a first important milestone was the “Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities” of 2003. This year, a second milestone was reached: Eleven European research funding institutions have committed to require from 2020 on that all results from research funded by these institutions are published immediately in compliant Open Access journals or platforms. The negative liabilities of Peer-review procedures, including the “Semmelweis reflex” are shown to represent further barriers for an immediate universal dissemination of knowledge. To overcome inappropriate locking of science and humanities behind walls, the remaining future milestone is that authors retain a non-exclusive copyright.


859 892
Published in Volume 5, Issue 8 -

Ife-Modakeke Crisis (1849-2000): Re-thinking the conflict and methods of resolution

Ayowole Elugbaju

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.8.483

This paper identifies the gap in the historical narratives gathered from the members of the belligerent communities and the sparsity of related literature as a factor contributing to the resurgence of the Ife-Modakeke conflict. Thus, this paper attempts a chronological reconstruction of the Ife-Modakeke conflict by exploring and fusing a plethora of related secondary source of data. The paper advocates the need to sustain an accurate history of the Ife-Modakeke relations; implementation of social justice; and the disarmament of the members of the two communities to engender sustainable peace and the total prevention of the conflict from reoccurring.


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Published in Volume 5, Issue 8 -

Gender and Career Progression in the Public Sector: An Empirical Appraisal on the Osun State Civil Service, Nigeria

Peter Irabor, Paul A. Irabor

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.8.482

The study identified the policies and practices that impede women career progression in the Osun state civil service and ascertained the challenges faced by women in their career progression in Osun state civil service. These were with the view to assessing career progression of women in Osun State civil service. The study made use of primary data through the administration of a questionnaire. 145 female respondents were drawn from three ministries; Women Affairs and Child Development, Health and Education, Science and Technology. Data gathered were analyzed using frequency distribution. The result showed that there had been no improvement on the policies and practices on women’s career progression in Osun State civil service as there is limited access to professional training, sexual harassment for promotion, and differential rates promotion due to child bearing. The study concluded that women in Osun State civil service have negative experience in their career progression.


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Published in Volume 5, Issue 8 -

Candidacy, political parties and representative government in Nigeria

Rotimi Adeforiti

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.8.481

The study using secondary source of data, such as the Electoral Act (2010), newspaper articles, journal articles, fourth republican constitution of Nigeria, etc. identified the processes involved in the emergence of a candidate for election in Nigeria and also examined the implications of the process for representative government in Nigeria. The paper revealed that the process involved in the emergence of a candidate from political party platform for election is by shadow or primary election or internal democracy. The paper also revealed that the process of a candidate’s emergence on a political party platform is a determinant of sustainable democratic practice in Nigeria. The study concludes that for democracy to be sustained in Nigeria, qualified party members must be allowed to take active part in primary elections and qualified adult citizens to vote in general elections.