With this editorial, we close the 7th issue. The highlight of this issue was the announcement of the Demetrios prize 2018. The prize was awarded to 4 outstanding contributions to JOSHA in diverse topics and the readers have the opportunity to enjoy reading the winning articles. We would also like to draw your attention to the other noteworthy articles in the field of music, literature and culture and architectural design that were published in this issue. In this issue, we also have an interesting article by Prof. Gerhard Steinmann and Prof. Roland Mertelsmann. They talk about the new policy that was announced by Austrian science fonds FWF (Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung) which is crucial in the development of open access journals.
Narrative Interpretive Centers in Ray Bradbury’s Cistern: Exposing Internal and External Human Conflicts
In the light of the inevitable twinning of linguistic theory and literary critical interpretation and appreciation, Ray Bradbury's narrative techniques constitute his thematic and aesthetic discourse. Bradbury’s stylistic narrative discourse evokes a set of narrative tools through which characters communicate ideas, thoughts, and feelings, creating aesthetic effects that appeal to readers. These blended artistic elements are interpreted in the light of the theoretical fictional context of narratorcharacter, character-character, narrator-reader interactions. Exploring a web of narrativecharacterization centers in Bradbury’s story Cistern, the paper sheds light on the centers of the point of view, dialogic narrative technique, and thematic concerns that include internal and external conflicts. Meantime, the paper draws on Gérard Genette’s analytical method of study of narrative discourse, among others.
In this article we introduce an improved version of CAT (Cataldo Advanced Transformations). The purpose of CAT fundamentally lies in providing musicians with a reliable instrument that may effectively assist them in carrying out chord progressions analysis. The correct application of CAT allows to convert any harmonic progression, net of some very rare exceptions, into a mere sequence of plagal and perfect cadences. Amongst other features, the improved version of CAT, unlike the previous one, takes also into account Modal Interchange and Tonicization.
Convulsive desires: Characters in the filmography of Jan Švankmajer in relation to the Freudian death drive
A character is a construct, a metaphor of the human nature, whose design consists in two principal aspects: the characterization and the true character – that which lies beneath the mask of characterization. Therefore, we can infer that every character, regardless of their level of prominence, consists always of two characters, the one it shows and the one that hides. In this research, we will focus on what remains hidden beneath the surface of characterization. In order to analyze the true character, it will be necessary to study the desire that conceals itself behind the motivation of the character. The uncertain abyss where desires flow is a field broadly explored by the Czech filmmaker Jan Švankmajer. His characters seem to be absolutely dominated by the pleasure principle and, therefore, in constant dispute between the pleasure and the reality principle. Nevertheless, this apparently liberating desire turns out to be the cause of their own perdition.
According to the Austrian daily „Der Standard” of September 4th, 2018, the Austrian science fonds FWF (Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung), Austria’s central institution for the funding of basic research, has communicated that the FWF together with ten other European research funding institutions have committed to require after January 1st, 2020 that all results from research funded by these institutions are published immediately in Open Access journals or platforms. These eleven institutions provide more than half of the European research funding flow. Up to day, only the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has pursued a comparable publication policy. As Martin Enserink pointed out on September 9th, 2018 in Science, the institutions do not accept any more delays of up to a year before an article is made openly accessible after submission to a journal or any additional charges for the Open Access publication. - This is good news!
Architecture: COLLECTION OF RESEARCH PAPERS PUBLISHED AT THE JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, HUMANITIES AND ARTS “JOSHA”
The collection contains the research papers published from 14 September 2016, till 9 July 2018 at the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA. The collection contents papers of the Architectural Design scientific field, followed by discussion and citations by various authors as the scientific comparative references. There are seven research papers, organized by the publication date, each paper extensive explain and discuss issues related to the specific topic of the Architectural Design, Sustainability, Air Quality, Environment, and Public Health Challenges.
The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V., a registered society located in Freiburg, Germany was founded on June 20th, 2015. The Academy is pursuing exclusively and immediately charitable objectives to foster the advancement of sciences, humanities and arts. According to its by-laws, the Academy is reporting annually on its activities and financial status. The year 2017 is the second fiscal year after the foundation of IASHA e.V. The Annual Report of the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V. was unanimously approved at the Annual Meeting of IASHA on April 21th, 2018 (Download German and English).The homepage of the Academy can be found under https://iasha.org . If you would like to join IASHA as a member, please fill out the contact form on the homepage or send a mail asking for membership to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The paper identifies the relevance of party system in the third republic to national integration in a multi-ethnic Nigerian state and also, it identifies the implications of the transition (annulment) on the fourth republic. The study made use of secondary source of data in achieving its objectives. The study reveals that in a multi-ethnic state, like Nigeria, where ethnic group maintained geographical location and a distinct culture, language and quest for power (cultural, political, economic, etc.), political parties should be left to operate on democratic principle. The study further revealed that the annulment of the transition election and the consequent crises reveals the significance of ethnic identities to the issues of national integration in Nigeria. The paper concludes that democracy can be used to quench the fire of ethnic sentiment in Nigeria if the rules are obeyed and kept.
The JOSHA Team is very pleased to share with you the names of the Winners of the Demetrios Prize 2018. For the categories BACHELOR and MASTER thesis the International Academy of Science, Humanities, and Arts (IASHA e.V.) supported by the Biothera Foundation has selected 4 theses in different categories and awarded a prize of € 500 each. Our editors have chosen 3 Bachelor Theses and one Master Thesis in the Fields of medicine, theology, Islamic studies, and arts. Thanks to all the participants for their exciting research!
Since the end of July until the end of August 2018, our readers have been seeing and reading many interesting articles with very different topics. Now we are closing the 6th issue of 2018 after having shared with you more than 10 articles from Countries of all over the world like Venezuela, France, Kosovo, Germany, Italy, Nigeria, Argentina, and Palestine. We also like to remind our readers of our social media accounts in Facebook and now also on Instagram, where you´ll get the information about the articles we´ll be publishing in the journal.