Depression, anxiety and socio-demographic factors among hospitalized patients in Gjakova region, Kosovo
Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina & National Institute of Public Health of Kosovo.
Keywords: anxiety, depression, hospitalized patients, Gjakova, Kosovo, socioeconomic factors.
Categories: Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
Aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level and selected socio-demographic correlates of depression and anxiety among hospitalized adult patients in transitional Kosovo. Results: Mean summary score of the 16 items related to depression and anxiety level among hospitalized patients was 41.4±16.6; median score was 41 (interquartile range: 27-57). In multivariable-adjusted models, mean summary score of depression and anxiety level was higher among older patients, participants with low educational attainment, those with a low-income level, and individuals residing in urban areas. Conclusion: The study reveals a relatively high level of depression and anxiety among hospitalized adult patients in a major region of transitional Kosovo, especially among individuals pertinent to the low socioeconomic group. These findings should raise the awareness of policymakers and decision-makers in Kosovo in order to design appropriate strategies and implement effective programs.