Sustainability by improving energy efficiency in traditional housing in Kosovo
Affiliation: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Keywords: sustainability, energy efficiency, traditional housing refurbishment, passive design, inner city rehabilitation,
ABSTRACT The objective to this paper is to identify and evaluate aspects of sustainability by improving energy efficiency of traditional housing in Kosovo. The fact that refurbishment of them is to be more rational, as for sustainable and consistent use of the houses- sustainable occupancy, as for sustainable environmental protection, sustainable tourism, good practice to young urban planners, architects and real estate managers. It is acknowledged that master artisans of traditional architecture in Kosovo were conscious of the sustainability parameters in designing and constructing the traditional houses in villages and rural areas. Efficiency in the use of space, smart building location and orientation, design of the buildings, functionality of inner spaces, lay out of window openings and use of materials have been important for the traditional old buildings. Traditional housing today, does not fulfil the needs and requirements regarding energy efficiency and comfort, as there is not sufficient insulation and heating systems. Rational use of space in neighbourhood creation, density within the city, connectivity with other neighbourhoods and the rest of the city, accessibility, careful approach to surrounding/environment, rational orientation of neighbourhood enabling as well ventilation of the city, should also be identified as part of the sustainable urban development.