Reason must be the faculty that provides the principles of knowledge a priori; with it, the human being has the capacity of rising, with the autonomy to judge about itself and its surroundings without delegating its own criteria to anyone. This writing glimpses the near danger that the human will experience unless he makes continuous use or exercises his superior faculties of the soul." Sapere Aude" is the Latin locution that urges the human being to think for himself; however, is a man conscious that there must be a frivolity of thought that delays his society? Among so many adversities, technology with its progress result disturbing if its dominance reins over the will and thought of man; However, intuition must be key to placing this in a reality where one can have objective conscious of what exists. The technological advances are innovations that alter reality in a positive and negative way according to its purpose.
DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! La migración como tema en el cine latinoamericano - Migration as a theme in Latin American cinema. Border between Mexico and the United States.
One of the winners, Venezuelan María Fernanda Sandoval Cabrera, presents her thesis questioning the real work of the media today around the illegal migration on the U.S.-Mexico border. In addition to the fact that migration is a current topic of great interest around the world, cinema also includes other critical content of great interest in the field of communication. However, in terms of the dissemination of both positive and negative information, as well as truthful and misleading information, it is possible to comment that today's audiovisual media function persuasively as creators of social opinions and, consequently, as a stereotyping entity of the masses.
DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! Tortura: permisibilidad, mundo real y legislación - Torture: permissibility, real world and legislation
one of the winners, Federico Abal, presents the torture known as one of the actions considered morally aberrant and unacceptable. It often refers to the prohibition of this practice as an illustration of the type of rights that all people have for the sole reason that they are tortured and that must be respected. Despite this negative assessment of torture, expressed masterfully in the anecdote of the anarchist comrade, the debate over its moral permissibility has been revitalized in recent decades. In his thesis, the author addresses this and other problems related to the contemporary debate on torture. From the analysis offered in these three chapters he concludes that torture is an immoral prima facie practice, that it can be morally justifiable in exceptional cases and that, by virtue of such exceptionality, it is not reasonable to incur in legal reforms such as those proposed by the institutionalist model.
DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! El pathos trágico en el joven Nietzsche - The tragic pathos in the young Nietzsche. Art and Life according to The Birth of Tragedy
Campodonico as one of the Winners, From Argentina, present his work showing an interesting perspective of tragic. The author's research concludes based on the movement of a concept that is used for exegetical purposes in the interpretation of much of The Birth of Tragedy. As we have seen, it is coupled with enormous success in the argument of the book. Therefore, the importance of art for the young Nietzsche greatly transcends his relationship with Richard Wagner, as well as his appropriation and reinterpretation of many Schopenhaurian ideas and, moreover, the historical moment of Germany at the end of the 19th century. For Nietzsche, art is something so significant that it cannot be subject to the impression of a moment - even a stage in his life. We have argued that the complexity of the book on tragedy proves that it is the product of long years of meditation, analysis, discovery, and experience on the part of the professor in Basel.
DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! El amor romántico desde una mirada marxista - Romantic love from a Marxist perspective
One of the Winners, Guido Arditi, was born in Argentina in 1986. Thanks to his excellent academic performance at an early age, he was awarded a scholarship to finish high school at The Mahindra United World College of India, where he graduated in 2005. He studied Philosophy at the University of Buenos Aires in his home country, and in 2012 was awarded a scholarship to study at the University of the Republic in Uruguay. His final thesis was "Romantic Love from a Marxian Perspective" for which he won the Demetrios Prize in 2019. Since 2016 he is doing his Ph.D. at the University of Buenos Aires. He has participated in numerous congresses in different universities in Argentina, and also in Montevideo (UdelaR), Puerto Rico (UPR) and New York (NYU/Columbia). His work has been published in specialized magazines in different countries such as Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia. He has also given a TEDx lecture and has been invited on some radio programs that can be found online.
The heritage of humanity must be the capital of the world, that is, a potential sample of nature and man genius, these creators being very aesthetic manifestations. Added, it is necessary to announce that the present essay is a research study on the need to raise awareness about the care of the manifestations that conform to our natural and cultural heritage. This writing has to be based and justified under the vision of UNESCO and the conservationist incidence of the Burra Charter (1979) and the Venice Charter (1964), as well as research, is enriched thanks to certain documents that encourage and demonstrate what very important is the preservation, care, and restoration of the diverse riches that sustain the heritage of humanity. In summary, this essay defines the need to empathize with our culture and nature, at the level, of identifying ourselves with each heritage as active participants of its care.
Normative model of special relations. Moral justification of ancillary care obligations towards subjects participating in clinical research.
The objective of this thesis is to propose a new normative model of moral justification and to include it in the set of already existing normative models, which deliberate on whether or not there is an obligation of auxiliary attention of the researcher towards the individual participant of biomedical research. The term "ancillary care" refers to the health care that clinical research participants need, but that is not related to the safety or scientific validity of the research, nor is it related to the management ("redress") of harm caused to participants. This model that I propose, and which I will call the "Special Relationship Model," focuses on certain special relationships of research participants, such as dependent family members and/or sexual partners, directly or indirectly linked to clinical research.
CASE REPORT: ORALLY TRANSMITTED ACUTE CHAGAS’ DISEASE FROM A CASE IN A PUBLIC HOSPITAL IN BUCARAMANGA CITY, COLOMBIA.
CONCEPTS Chagas’ disease, a zoonosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is present in South America. Can be vectorborne, bloodborne and congenital infection. It shows tropism through smooth cardiac and gastrointestinal muscle, as well as nerve and reticuloendothelial tissue. Inoculation site evidence, prolonged fever syndrome, and general malaise lasting between 2 and 8 weeks characterize its acute phase. Direct parasitaemia detection study or indirect serology make diagnosis. Detection of acute infections is infrequent and confirmation of oral transmission is difficult. We report one case of acute Chagas associated with oral transmission. CASE PRESENTATION Previously healthy schoolchild, with fever lasting 15 days, and facial edema. Antecedents along immediately preceding month: father, mother and pregnant sister showing acute fever syndrome associated with dyspnea with thick-drop testing positive for Chagas. Rural area dwellers of a cane and mud house.
DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019! Functional outcomes of radial head fractures type III and IV, after management with arthroplasty or internal fixation.
This article of one of the winners of the DEMETRIOS PRIZE 2019 covers everything related to radial cup fractures, which account for 4% of anatomical fractures. Despite advances and innovations in trauma management, unstable radial dome fractures challenge proper management until the orthopedist achieves the best results. The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the functional evaluation in the postoperative follow-up of these patients using a functional scale that gives us a perspective that favors some of these procedures. As a result, the median age of 37 years was found in the patients, with a slightly higher prevalence in women, 62.5% with left elbow and traffic injuries, which accounted for more than half of the cases, 62.5% with Mason IV radial dome fractures and 37.5% with Mason III type. Open reduction and osteosynthesis were performed in 62.5% of patients, while arthroplasty was performed in the remainder.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PULSATILITY INDEX OF THE AORTIC ISTHMUS AND THE CARDIAC FUNCTION OF THE LEFT VENTRICLE IN FETUSES BELOW THE PERCENTILE THREE FOR THE GESTATIONAL AGE.
Background: The evaluation of the fetal circulation, mainly of the umbilical artery (AU), middle cerebral artery (MCA) and ductus venosus (DV), have been the pillars in the diagnosis and monitoring of the main alterations in fetuses with restriction of the intrauterine growth (IUGR). Given the need to have a parameter with the predictive power of adverse outcomes that allows us to define the opportune moment of birth of a fetus with IUGR, the pulsatility index of the aortic isthmus appears as the point of connection between the two fetal circulatory systems arranged in parallel between the left and right ventricle. Objective: To establish the degree of correlation between the pulsatility index of the fetal aortic isthmus and the function of the middle left ventricle by the TEI index in fetuses with estimated fetal weight below the 3rd percentile (PFE <p3).