Antidepressants, and in particular selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), hold an important role in our current society. 13.2% of the population in the United States of America are estimated to have used antidepressants between 2015-2018, and the usage is rising. Antidepressants were developed with the goal of improving people’s mental wellbeing, in particular during periods of depression. In addition to depression, antidepressants are also commonly used for treatments of anxiety, OCD, and eating disorders. Of these antidepressants, SSRIs are some of the most prescribed medications. Yet, although SSRIs now reach a broad segment of our population that struggle with mental health challenges, researchers still do not know how SSRIs work. Of greater concern, the jury is still out as to whether SSRIs have a significant impact on people’s mood and wellbeing. In this article, I dive into the research testing which effects SSRIs are documented to have in the short and long-term.
Newsletter - 11/2022 Collaborative Research Institute Intelligent Oncology (CRIION)
One of the major concerns of existentialists is the question of authentic existence. Oscar Wilde, a famous Irish poet and playwright, whose literary works contain lots of philosophical nuances, also battled with the concept of authentic living. The paper is therefore an attempt to identify his concept of authentic existence or living in comparison with other existential philosophers. The work is qualitative research sourcing its data from various library materials with application of and hermeneutics and comparison. The finding of this work is that authentic living, for Oscar Wilde, means self-actualization, which is more comprehensive than the position of many existential philosophers. Linus Akudolu: email@example.com
Dear josha-journal readers, The year is ending, and josha-journal presents itself with a bulging basket of top-class contributions. First, we would like to point out another winner of a Demetrios award. Nadine Bleile won the prize in the Master category with her paper “Turning Point Motherhood”. It deals with the socially relevant question of how women can combine work and family. Also receiving a Demetrios award was Elena Greta Falcini for her work on art and artificial intelligence. Our focus on medicine is strongly represented this time by neuroscientist Pernille Bülow's contributions on psychological topics and especially on cancer research with contributions from Sina Reis, Michelle P. Peñaherrera and Carlos A. López. A topic on which there can never be enough research. We wish all our readers a good read. Stay tuned to us.
Newsletter - 09/2022 Collaborative Research Institute Intelligent Oncology (CRIION)
Habitat Viability and Threat Assessment Survey of Indian Soft-Shell Turtle Nilssonia gangetica in Gomti Lake, Central Gujarat, India
A preliminary survey was conducted to determine the conservation importance of Gomti lake situated in Dakor town (Kheda district), Central Gujarat. The lake happens to be one of the last strongholds of an endangered freshwater turtle species– Indian soft-shell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica), and the resident population is now severely threatened due to a complete loss of nesting habitat.
Roadkill appears to be unavoidable wherever wildlife habitat and roadways intersect. The effects of wildlife roadkill on native animal populations can be significant, and understanding the causes and patterns of roadkill is required for effective management intervention. Monitoring wildlife roadkill can provide much broader ecological knowledge, such as species distributions, population dynamics, and behaviour, as well as informing us about the health of the species and the environment.
This article is the second of a two-part series on adolescent brain development and function. While the first article discussed the neuroscience of how the adolescent brain changes as it matures, this article will focus on how the environment can interfere with the adolescent brain and make them more likely to develop mental health disorders. Two major environmental influences are discussed in depth: substance abuse (cigarette smoking, marijuana use and alcohol) and chronic stress (bullying and caregiver maltreatment, e.g. sexual/physical abuse, emotional/psychological abuse, neglect). The results of the studies are discussed in the context of individual differences and long-term consequences on mental and physical health. The main takeaway is that the adolescent brain is particularly susceptible to environmental influences with long-term effects for mental health, and it emphasizes the importance of providing proper emotional support for this age group.
Snake Rescue Manual: Guidelines on Snake Rescue, Snakebite Management, and Community Education for Snake Conservation
Human-Snake conflict (HSC) is a complex and pervasive problem that occurs wherever snakes and people share the same habitat. Lack of information, ignorance by the masses and absence of snakebite prevention measures results in around 2100 annual deaths in Gujarat while the national mortality figure is as high as 58,000. While the need to improve the quality of anti-venom serum and post bite clinical management is high priority, prevention of bites can play a vital role in bringing down the mortality rates. Snakes and people often need to be rescued from certain situations especially when the former comes near people’s houses and backyards, especially in rural areas. Since snake capture is a specialised activity and is often potentially dangerous in case of venomous snakes, it requires systematic training and experience. Proper knowledge to administer the right first aid can very well save a limb and even a life.
Importance of user-research for developing human centred solutions. In this article, Anmol talks about the role user research played in ensuring that their team’s solution for rural healthcare was ‘humans-first’ and not ‘technology-first’.