897 480
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

Indebted Meritocracy

Sol Minoldo

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.674

A meritocracy is a society in which success and failure belong to those who 'deserve' them. What you get depends directly on the decisions you make and on archiving the right balance between responsibility and audacity. Yet, a key point is frequently overlooked: identical circumstances, means, and opportunities must be guaranteed for meritocracy to make sense. In this article, Sol Minoldo highlights the danger of the reverse the logic, that is, assuming that the different achievements are a reliable proof that some made more effort than others, and discusses what a higher performance might actually reflect.

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

Elite Fragmentation and Oligarchic Implosion in Nigeria’s Democratic Space: A mere Stopgap or an Impetus to People’s Emancipation?

Mike Omilusi

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.672

The Nigerian political class operates within convenient and exclusive networks that support a core political composition, that itself is predatory, authoritarian, and disconnected from society. Since democratization began in 1988, political competition has intensified, but bureaucracies have remained only moderately effective, and political parties and civil society have shown continuing weakness while the elite continually holds the polity by the jugular by way of power contestation and domination. While successive political leaders are unable to offer even the most basic services to the people, more than ever before, it appears the mass public only represents a legitimizing tool for electoral indiscretions.

703 483
Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

Editorial Volume 7, Issue 2

María Fernanda Sandoval

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.669

Dear JOSHA readers, once again we find ourselves saying goodbye and closing another wonderful issue! As you may have noticed, our bi-monthly editions are made up of more than ten articles throughout February and March. With this change we have achieved an incredible variety of topics within the same edition, covering literally all our areas and also giving space to current opinion articles, for example in relation to society and the effects of COVID -19. In addition to this change, we would like to remind you of our current Demetrios Award 2020. Don't forget that you can now submit your research and opt for the 500 Euro prize plus publication of the work in our Journal.

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

The Recognition of Higher Education Diplomas and Qualifications

Renate Penßel

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.667

The article provides an overview of the legal rules concerning the recognition of higher education diplomas and qualifications in international (including European) and German law. After an introduction to the legal framework (concerning recognition for the purpose of (self)employment on the one hand and concerning recognition for the purpose of further higher education at the other hand), it concentrates on current problems occurring in the field of recognition for the purpose of further education: It examines the transposition of the most relevant provisions in international law (i.e. the Lisbon Recognition Convention) to German national law. Afterward it illustrates the interpretation of those national provisions by German jurisdiction.

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

Flatten the curve #stayhome Feelings of Isolation: Loneliness or Being Alone

Franziska Buttgereit

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.666

With #stayhome, we are all in a very unusual situation. The quarantine can lead to social isolation, which can have far-reaching psychological consequences. Events are canceled, offices are moved to the home, and outdoor leisure activities are forbidden. Restrictions like these are difficult for most people to handle, but they present an even greater challenge to those already suffering from depression. How we relate to one another in this time of uncertainty has caused us all to consider how things were and how we want them to be moving forward.

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

Nobel Laureate Joachim Frank: Convocation Speech at Indian Statistical Institute

Joachim Frank

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.664

Frank took his convocation speech in January 2020 at the Indian Statistical Institute in Calcutta as an occasion to recall his own graduation events in Freiburg and Munich, and the tumultuous time, in the 60s, of Germany's soul-searching anti-authoritarian movement, just 20 years after the end of the perilous Nazi regime. Link to the original article:

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature and Problems of Religious Experience

Linus Akudolu

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.663

The paper aims at studying the nature and problems of religious experience. Religious experience is defined as a subjective experience which is interpreted in a religious circle as an encounter with God or gods or higher-order realities. The researcher identifies the features of religious experience and various activities that can enhance its manifestations. The philosophical problems of religious experience are also discussed. Despite the challenges of religious experience, the writer concludes that the experiences cannot be totally disregarded, but have to be examined discreetly in order not to be deceived, as faith without reasoning leads one to errors, deceptions and wrong belief. The work is qualitative research and the method used is philosophical analysis.

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

Demetrios Award 2020

Gerhard Steinmann, Stephan Seiler, María Fernanda Sandoval, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.662

The JOSHA Team is very pleased to share information with you about our Demetrios Prize 2020. The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts (IASHA e.V.), with the support of the BioThera-Roland Mertelsmann Foundation, will award three prizes of 500 euros for the categories BACHELOR, MASTER and DOCTOR THESIS. Our editors will make the selection and the theses of the winners will be published in JOSHA and can be referenced with their DOI number! The “Journal of Science, Humanities, and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities, and Arts. At JOSHA we believe, that "Knowledge that is not communicated is wasted knowledge".

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -


Ezequiel Calvo Roitberg

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.656

This is one of the Articles "El Gato y La Caja" (Buenos Aires, Argentina) shares with the JOSHA Journal. This time the English version of the original article. In the field of Life Sciences, the author presents an incredible story about Henrietta Lacks, a woman that changes and improves forever all the labs around the world. Shortly after being diagnosed (and without her consent) a small piece of Henrietta Lacks´ tumor was cut out and put it in a glass dish. Surprisingly, her uterine-cervical cancer cells had the ability to grow indefinitely. In this single immoral act, the beginning of a revolution in cell biology had occurred. On October 4, 1951, Henrietta Lacks died without knowing that a little piece of her was going to be found in almost every laboratory in the world that uses cell culture. This is her story.

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Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

Automatic Breast Cancer Cell Classification using deep Convolutional neural Networks

Gisela Pattarone

Languages: English

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.652

Automated cell classification in cancer biology is an active and challenging task for computer vision and machine learning algorithms. In this Thesis, we first compiled a vast data set composed of JIMT-1 human breast cancer cell line images, with and without therapeutic drug treatment. We then train a Convolutional Neural Network architecture to perform classification using per-cell labels obtained from fluorescence microscopy images associated with each brightfield image. The study revealed that our classification model achieves 65% accuracy in breast cancer cells under chemotherapeutic drug treatment with doxorubicin and paclitaxel. Furthermore, it reached 70% accuracy when classifying breast cancer cells without drug treatment. Our results highlight the potential of machine learning and image analysis algorithms to build new diagnosis tools.