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1286 1144
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

Die Tochter des Kaufmanns

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.364

The fairy tale ''The daughter of the businessman'' is an Iranian folktale which has been delivered orally from one generation to another in various versions. This fairy tale was in fact made popular by the famous Iranian story-teller Fazlollah Mohtadi, known as ''Sobhi'' in ''Diwan Balkh''and from Samad Behranghi in ''the fairy tales from Azerbaijan'' and it has been delivered in various versions with different titles. The fairy tale revolves around a beautiful, clever, brave and confident girl who defends herself all alone against prejudice and abuse. She embarks on a long, dangerous and an adventurous journey. At the end, she manages to prove the truth and defend herself. Finally, she marries the innkeeper who values her beauty, intelligence and wisdom and builds a life with him filled with harmony, respect and love. In this book, the Author and the Illustrator portrays this fairy tale in her own version in German and Persian languages.


1318 1234
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View. Second Part.

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.362

This article is the second topic of the dissertation: „Max Frisch – Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD’s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH’S characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What do we mean, when we talk about „life“ and do we really achieve all we want by doing nothing more than being ourselves? Does everyone need a certain „awakening“ in his life to understand what is really important? And does suicide mean the loss of identity or can it rather be seen as the search for a new kind of identity, hence is an awakening itself? The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976).


2099 1902
Published in Volume 4, Issue 4 -

Perception Of Colors In Films - The Usage Of Colors In Sin City And Its Effects On Its Recipients

Philipp Reichenbach

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.4.334

The neo-noir film Sin City is an embodiment of the fact that color in films can trigger several effects on their recipients at the same time. Ever since Aristotle, humans have been taking scientific approaches to color theory and color perception. Nowadays, there are numerous models and theories about color, many of which contradict or even exclude each other. According to Susanne Marschall, empirical research confirms that the majority of individuals consider the colors red, green, blue and yellow as the most important basic colors from which all other colors can be derived. These four basic colors are supplemented by black and white. Depending on socialization, cultural background, individual personality and accumulated previous experiences, humans have different preferences and aversions in color perception, and accordingly, their psychological effect is different. In color perception, we always speak of something subjective.


1594 1049
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

No idea of risk: Expensive environmental and health panic. Keine Ahnung von Risiko: Teure Umwelt- und Gesundheitspanik.

Walter Krämer

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.324

Most people cannot handle risks and probabilities. For alarmists, this is an advantage, for everything new, it is an obstacle. In reality, of course, the health of Germans and people around the globe as measured by life expectancy is constantly increasing. Based on inadequate risk assessments, billions of Euros are wasted every year on unnecessary and even damaging activities. Dr. rer. pol Walter Krämer is a mathematician and economist form the Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, He has worked as a Research Assistant at the Seminar for Statistics at the University of Mannheim; as Assistant Professor at the University of Western Ontario, Canada; Assistant Professor at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna; Professor of Empirical Economic Research at the University of Hanover.


1866 1672
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts e.V. - Annual Report 2016

Gerhard G. Steinmann, Christiane Lange, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.321

The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V., a registered society located in Freiburg, Germany was founded on June 20th, 2015. The Academy is pursuing exclusively and immediately charitable objectives to foster the advancement of sciences, humanities and arts. According to its by-laws, the Academy is reporting annually on its activities and financial status. The year 2016 is the first complete fiscal year after the foundation of IASHA e.V. The Annual Report of the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V. was unanimously approved at the Annual Meeting of IASHA on June 6th, 2017. The homepage of the Academy can be found under https://iasha.org . If you would like to join IASHA as a member, please fill out the contact form on the homepage or send a mail asking for membership to admin@josha-archive.org.


1551 896
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Deutsch

Felicitas Holzer, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.315

With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


2565 2198
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

Predictive Policing - The Algorithm Knows When And Where You Will Commit Your Crime - Critical View Of New Possibilities In Police Work Using The Example Precobs.

Philipp Reichenbach

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.308

Since the 19th-century police work has been based on the use and analysis of criminal data. Today these maps are created by software using self-learning algorithms, which are designed to enable not only data analysis but also predictions about the future. This software, based on the latest advances in data science is called predictive policing. It is a multidisciplinary approach involving the collection of large amounts of data as well as its systematically filtered evaluation and criminal theories. On the one hand, predictive policing software opens opportunities for making police work more efficient, reducing crime rates and increasing security at focal points. On the other hand, it is necessary to discuss critical issues like the possibility of false interpretation, poor data protection, privacy issues and racism.


3153 1390
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs and Papers in any Language

Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.305

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs, Textbooks and Papers in any Language as “Books as Open Online Content (BOOC)” Das JOSHA Demetrios Projekt: Monographien, Lehrbücher und Artikel in allen Sprachen zur kostenlosen Lektüre und zum kostenlosen Download (Books as Open Online Content “BOOC”). With this issue, JOSHA is starting a new project, the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries.


1753 1837
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View - Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.300

This article ist the first topic oft the dissertation „Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD`s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH`s characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What is identity, how does it change when love enters the picture, and where can society fit into our very personal understanding of who we are? What does it mean if we fail and how does the reflection of our own personality change when we do? In this first part, Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann writes about the problem of identity with a special focus on the role of gender. The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976). Keywords: Max Frisch, Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Gender, Identity, Language: German


2771 2048
Published in Volume 4, Issue 2 -

Nachts

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.295

This article is part of a series of short stories published in the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts by the young author Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, who received the "Jean-Paul" Award in 2013 and the "Tom Sawyer" Award in 2012 for her work. Her last story "Prom Night" (published in Volume 4, Issue 1) was written in English, but this time JOSHA is publishing one of her German stories. Someone is awake at night. We don’t know her name and we don’t know where she is or why she woke up. The only thing we get to know is how this young girl experiences the moments of silence and the warm feeling of beeing sure that everyone she cares about is sleeping safe and peaceful in their beds while she wanders through a lonely, but beautiful night. And maybe she isn’t really alone after all... Dieser Artikel ist Teil einer Kurzgeschichtenreihe der jungen Autorin Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, die 2013 den „Jean-Paul“ Award und 2012 den „Tom Sawyer“ Award für ihre Arbeit erhalten hat.