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1604 1446
Published in Volume 5, Issue 1 -

Frau Kakerlake und Herr Maus

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.378

"Khale Suske und Agha Mushe" (In Persian for Aunt cockroach and Mr. Maus) is the most famous and most popular child fairy tale in Iran which has been orally passed on from one generation to another. The fairy tale revolves around a cockroach, Khale Suske who is nice and eloquent and she proceeds completely alone on an adventurous, perilous trip to marry the rich businessman Mash Ramezun. At the end, she meets Agha Mushe with and her life takes an unexpected change. The central figures of this fable, the cockroach, and the mouse correspond to the characters from original story. The craftsmen appearing as animals are inventions of Mitra Zarif-Kayvan. Mitra Zarif-Kayvan was born in Teheran / Iran. At the age of 32 years, she emigrated with her two daughters to Germany and lives currently in Dusseldorf. She works as a freelance painter and art teacher in elementary schools and kindergartens. Besides she is also a storyteller and writes poems and stories.


1590 979
Published in Volume 5, Issue 1 -

„Ach, Sie sind Sänger, und was machen Sie tagsüber?“ / "so, you are a singer? and what else do you do on the day?"

Wolfgag Nerwerla

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.372

Artists can only inspire the audience if they are enthusiastic, and if they focus on the things that they can do better than others: They live with seriousness and devotion in the service of author and composer, and especially of the piece to perform. The everyday life of a singer consists of course of a lot of practice and of studying. It takes about four to six years to invest only for the passion and love of music and for a diploma. Why do people still wonder what an oper singer actually does during the day? Wolfgang Newerla tells us about his experience of a life devoted to singing. (Abstract updated 2018.01.06)


1755 1746
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

Somatic mutation or epigenetic modification - Somatische Mutation oder epigenetische Modifikation

Horst Kress

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.370

In the first essay on the subject of the „Renaissance of Lamarckism“ (JOSHA Vol. 3, Issue 4), we explored the historical roots of this term. We saw that Lamarck's (1744-1829) concept ofabout the inheritance of characteristics acquired during an individual`s life through active adaptation was initially even accepted by Darwin. However, since neither the scientific nor the social/political experiment could validate this thesis, it is to be understood that until the 20th century Lamarck's ideas did not gain a foothold in the advancing natural sciences and were more or less pushed out of consciousness, In order to be able to come closer to the topic of inheritance of acquired characteristics, we will first deal with the development of the elucidation of the structure and function of the chromosomes in the present essay.


1512 1281
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

Herr Frühling und Frau Winter

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.368

Persian literature has always been characterized by narrations, legends, proverbs and long stories about the changes in all circumstances of humanity and the changes of nature through the change of seasons. Many fairy tales have been passed from one generation to the next and have maintained a current and different version until today. The Fairy tale about the love between Mr. Spring (Amou Norouz) and Ms. Winter (Nanne Sarma) is estimated to be more than 2000 years old. In this old narration, Mr. Spring symbolizes the new beginning, the growth of nature and the Persian New year with the beginning of spring. In contrast, Ms. Winter represents frost, rigidity and stagnation. Both characters together reflect the end of the Persian year with the end of winter and the beginning of the Persian year with the beginning of spring. In a blink of an eye, Ms. Winter, with her departure, brings an end to the cold. While Mr.


1690 2542
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

The Legal Proverb: Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus. Das Rechtssprichwort: Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus

Detlef Liebs

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.365

The paper explains the background of the common Latin proverb use in the field of law: "fiat iustitia et pereat mundus". The history goes back to pope Hadrian VI. in 1522 and then the article discusses the changing of its meaning over the centuries through its translation and its usage. The proverb that was already used by Ferdinand I., Martin Luther and later Immanuel Kant in different contexts made its way through the centuries to become a popular saying for current lawyers. Liebs criticizes that with time, the different usage of the phrase led to the loss of its original meaning. Photo on the cover: Lorenzo Sabbatini (1530–1576). Justitia, 1565 Palazzo Vecchio. Photographer: Sailko, 16 April 2014. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ricetto,_affreschi_di_Lorenzo_Sabatini,_1565_,_06_giustizia.JPG


1357 1242
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

Die Tochter des Kaufmanns

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.364

The fairy tale ''The daughter of the businessman'' is an Iranian folktale which has been delivered orally from one generation to another in various versions. This fairy tale was in fact made popular by the famous Iranian story-teller Fazlollah Mohtadi, known as ''Sobhi'' in ''Diwan Balkh''and from Samad Behranghi in ''the fairy tales from Azerbaijan'' and it has been delivered in various versions with different titles. The fairy tale revolves around a beautiful, clever, brave and confident girl who defends herself all alone against prejudice and abuse. She embarks on a long, dangerous and an adventurous journey. At the end, she manages to prove the truth and defend herself. Finally, she marries the innkeeper who values her beauty, intelligence and wisdom and builds a life with him filled with harmony, respect and love. In this book, the Author and the Illustrator portrays this fairy tale in her own version in German and Persian languages.


1388 1301
Published in Volume 4, Issue 6 -

Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View. Second Part.

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.362

This article is the second topic of the dissertation: „Max Frisch – Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD’s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH’S characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What do we mean, when we talk about „life“ and do we really achieve all we want by doing nothing more than being ourselves? Does everyone need a certain „awakening“ in his life to understand what is really important? And does suicide mean the loss of identity or can it rather be seen as the search for a new kind of identity, hence is an awakening itself? The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976).


2194 1988
Published in Volume 4, Issue 4 -

Perception Of Colors In Films - The Usage Of Colors In Sin City And Its Effects On Its Recipients

Philipp Reichenbach

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.4.334

The neo-noir film Sin City is an embodiment of the fact that color in films can trigger several effects on their recipients at the same time. Ever since Aristotle, humans have been taking scientific approaches to color theory and color perception. Nowadays, there are numerous models and theories about color, many of which contradict or even exclude each other. According to Susanne Marschall, empirical research confirms that the majority of individuals consider the colors red, green, blue and yellow as the most important basic colors from which all other colors can be derived. These four basic colors are supplemented by black and white. Depending on socialization, cultural background, individual personality and accumulated previous experiences, humans have different preferences and aversions in color perception, and accordingly, their psychological effect is different. In color perception, we always speak of something subjective.


1674 1112
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

No idea of risk: Expensive environmental and health panic. Keine Ahnung von Risiko: Teure Umwelt- und Gesundheitspanik.

Walter Krämer

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.324

Most people cannot handle risks and probabilities. For alarmists, this is an advantage, for everything new, it is an obstacle. In reality, of course, the health of Germans and people around the globe as measured by life expectancy is constantly increasing. Based on inadequate risk assessments, billions of Euros are wasted every year on unnecessary and even damaging activities. Dr. rer. pol Walter Krämer is a mathematician and economist form the Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, He has worked as a Research Assistant at the Seminar for Statistics at the University of Mannheim; as Assistant Professor at the University of Western Ontario, Canada; Assistant Professor at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna; Professor of Empirical Economic Research at the University of Hanover.


2041 1791
Published in Volume 4, Issue 3 -

International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts e.V. - Annual Report 2016

Gerhard G. Steinmann, Christiane Lange, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: German

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.321

The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V., a registered society located in Freiburg, Germany was founded on June 20th, 2015. The Academy is pursuing exclusively and immediately charitable objectives to foster the advancement of sciences, humanities and arts. According to its by-laws, the Academy is reporting annually on its activities and financial status. The year 2016 is the first complete fiscal year after the foundation of IASHA e.V. The Annual Report of the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V. was unanimously approved at the Annual Meeting of IASHA on June 6th, 2017. The homepage of the Academy can be found under https://iasha.org . If you would like to join IASHA as a member, please fill out the contact form on the homepage or send a mail asking for membership to admin@josha-archive.org.