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ISSN: 2364-0626 Volume 4, Issue 4

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Bosanski

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.4.328

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


ISSN: 2364-0626 Volume 4, Issue 3

Editorial and Table of Contents, Volumne 4, Issue 3

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.330

In JOSHA, many different disciplines come together in one place to create an extremely interesting issue including 10 different manuscripts with topics covering philosophy, medicine, architecture, artificial intelligence and special topics. In the present issue, JOSHA also proudly presents the Demetrios Project. It’s an ambitious multicultural, multilingual, multidiscipinary project that seeks to make knowledge widely available in all languages, for all countries and in all fields: sciences, humanities, law, arts and many others areas of discovery, creativity as well as critical analysis. In the present issue, the project is presented in 10 different languages: French, German, English, Spanish, Albanian, Persian, Mandarin, Portuguese, Russian and Hungarian, and more languages will come in the upcoming issues.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Português

Sarah Reichenbach

Affiliation: Grundschule Herbolzheim

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.327

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Magyar

Rebeka Javorniczky

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.326

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project - русский

Valeria Shlyakhto

Affiliation: Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Department of Hematology and Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.325

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


No idea of risk, Expensive environmental and health panic. Keine Ahnung von Risiko,Teure Umwelt- und Gesundheitspanik.

Walter Krämer

Affiliation: TU Dortmund

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.324

Most people cannot handle risks and probabilities. For alarmists, this is an advantage, for everything new, it is an obstacle How does one recognize a real princess? According to Hans Christian Andersen`s Fairy Tale, by the fact that she is tormented by a pea under twenty mattresses. In the same way millions of Germans have been driven from one panic into the next for decades: by acrylamide and BSE, nitrofen and dioxin (all of course only in the relevant doses), glycol in the wine, E. coli in the salad and amalgam in the teeth, nitrate in groundwater and glyphosate in beer, bird flu and swine fever, anthrax, radiation and electrosmog – it is a miracle that we are still alive. In reality, of course, truth, the health of Germans as measured by life expectancy is constantly increasing. Current anxieties focus on nitric oxide and fipronil, the new egg poison.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - 普通話

YI-HSUAN LO

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.323

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - English

Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland H. Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Uniklinik Freiburg, Med 1

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.322

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts e.V. - Annual Report 2016

Gerhard G. Steinmann, Christiane Lange, Roland H. Mertelsmann

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.321

The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V., a registered society located in Freiburg, Germany was founded on June 20th, 2015. The Academy is pursuing exclusively and immediately charitable objectives to foster the advancement of sciences, humanities and arts. According to its by-laws, the Academy is reporting annually on its activities and financial status. The year 2016 is the first complete fiscal year after the foundation of IASHA e.V. The Annual Report of the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) e.V. was unanimously approved at the Annual Meeting of IASHA on June 6th, 2017. The homepage of the Academy can be found under https://iasha.org . If you would like to join IASHA as a member, please fill out the contact form on the homepage or send a mail asking for membership to admin@josha-archive.org.


HOTELS - DESIGN PRINCIPLES - in the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.312

Each chapter of textbook presents and reflects the normative, standards, technical details of the Tourism and Hotel Architectural Design Principles, accompanied with photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies, followed by discussions, quotes, and citations by various authors, as well as official government publications as the academic comparative references. There are eleven chapters, each chapter extensive explain and discuss issues related to the specific topic of the Tourism and Hotel Architectural Design Principles. The chapters from two to three: Introduces and elaborates the fundamental definitions in the context of the diversity of the meaning variations, followed by the criteria and classification of the hotels.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Español

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.318

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Farsi (Persian)

Soma Almasi

Affiliation: University College, London, UK

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.316

With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Albanian

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.317

With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Deutsch

Felicitas Holzer, Roland H. Mertelsmann

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.315

With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project – Francais

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.313

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs, Textbooks and Papers in any Language as “Books as Open Online Content (BOOC)” Das JOSHA Demetrios Projekt: Monographien, Lehrbücher und Artikel in allen Sprachen zur kostenlosen Lektüre und zum kostenlosen Download (Books as Open Online Content “BOOC”). With this issue, JOSHA is starting a new project, the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as an universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries.


Between the Lines: The Language and Art of Death

Stephanie H. Lim, Jeremiah de Leon

Affiliation: Department of Medical Oncology, Macarthur Cancer Therapy Centre

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.311

This short paper reflects on the attitudes that modern society has towards death, which affect and form the language that we use to describe death. The key domains of concern to the dying are described, as well as the patterns of social interactions. It explores how the visual arts can offer an alternate and cathartic form of communication of death, as shown by the patient experience with cancer. Ultimately, it encourages us to view medicine as an art, and also art as medicine.


PhD Student representation - Bridging the gap between science, service and politics

Lukas Peintner

Affiliation: Institute of Molecular Medicine and Cell Research, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.310

Many universities have one or several doctoral colleges that train up to several hundreds of students. But different to undergrad students these PhD students are usually not part of any social groups or classes within the university. So it is the job of the PhD students itself to gather and share their experiences and expertise when it comes to start a new project or to wrap up your thesis and submit it to the final examination. At many universities PhD student representation is done by enthusiastic students that want to help their peers. This comment aims to outline the daily duty of student representatives. The subtitle “Bridging the gap between science, service and politics” outlines the vast opportunities a student representation has. Motivated students are able to organize conferences or science days, they can organize get togethers and horizontal transfer of ideas and methods, but they are also able to influence policy making at the university.


COMMERCIAL HYBRID BUILDINGS - Planning and Design - in the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.309

Each chapter of textbook presents and reflects the standards, technical details of the Hybrid Buildings architectural design, accompanied by photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. There are six chapters, each chapter extensive explain and discuss issues related to the specific topic of Commercial Hybrid Building Design Principles. The second chapter presents and elaborates the history and the development of the road transports. The third chapter elaborates the classification and road urban systems. The fourth chapter introduces the basic principles of parking garages functions, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describes the environmental concepts for parking garages locations, guidelines and conceptual design principles of parking garages structures with commercial buildings. The fifth chapter elaborates the design practice and design principles with presented case studies.


Predictive Policing - The Algorithm Knows When And Where You Will Commit Your Crime. - Critical View Of New Possibilities In Police Work Using The Example Precobs.

Philipp Reichenbach

Affiliation: Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.308

Since the 19th century police work has been based on the use and analysis of criminal data. Today these maps are created by software using self-learning algorithms, which are designed to enable not only data analysis but also predictions about the future. This software, based on the latest advances in data science is called predictive policing. It is a multidisciplinary approach involving the collection of large amounts of data as well as its systematically filtered evaluation and criminal theories. On the one hand, predictive policing software conveys a lot of chances for making police work more efficient, reducing crime rates and increase security at focal points. On the other hand, it is necessary to discuss critical issues like the possibility of false interpretation, poor data protection, privacy issues and racism.


AIRPORTS - PLANNING AND DESIGN - In the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.307

Each chapter of textbook presents, and reflects to the standards, technical details of the airports architectural design, accompanied with photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. The textbook is divided into eleven chapters as a result of the specificity of the study to the airports architectural design. The first, second and third chapters, presents and elaborates the history of the aviation and airports, followed by the classification and systems of the airports mega structures. The chapters from four to five: introduces the basic principles of airports terminal functions, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describe the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles of airports architectural design, further strengthened the design principles with three case studies.


SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN - Principles - In the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.306

Each chapter presents, and reflects the guide of the technical details of sustainable architectural design, accompanied with photographs, drawings and case studies. The textbook is divided into sixteen chapters as a result of the specificity of the study. The second chapter presents and elaborates the specifics of the current practice of the linear design process, followed by the third chapter, which elaborates the fundamental definitions in the context of the diversity of the meaning variations. The chapters from four to eight: Introduces new approaches by which architects are responding to the challenges for creating sustainable architecture, defining the contemporary approaches to the organic architecture which are inspired by nature, analyzing and describing the basic principles on achieving the human comfort, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describe the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles in terms of a sustainable architectural design.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs and Papers in any Language

Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland H. Mertelsmann

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.305

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs, Textbooks and Papers in any Language as “Books as Open Online Content (BOOC)” Das JOSHA Demetrios Projekt: Monographien, Lehrbücher und Artikel in allen Sprachen zur kostenlosen Lektüre und zum kostenlosen Download (Books as Open Online Content “BOOC”). With this issue, JOSHA is starting a new project, the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries.


Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View - Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Universität Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.300

This article ist the first topic oft the dissertation „Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD`s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH`s characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What is identity, how does it change when love enters the picture, and where can society fit into our very personal understanding of who we are? What does it mean if we fail and how does the reflection of our own personality change when we do? In this first part, Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann writes about the problem of identity with a special focus on the role of gender. The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976). Keywords: Max Frisch, Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Gender, Identity, Language: German


Editorial Volume 4 Issue 2

Anusha Venkatraman

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.299

In this issue, we once again have an amazing amalgamation of topics involving history, law, medicine and arts in 11 articles. The first article in this issue, contributed by Stephen Seiler, makes the readers revisit history. The article contributed by Frank Wertheimer addresses a key reform that has been made in the medical school education system in Germany. The contribution by Werner Schempp with his article ''Individuality and integrity of humans in the modern age: Considerations of a natural scientist'' gives the readers a food for thought. The authors Usman Al-Amin and group contributed two insightful articles on pharmaceutical boom and poverty reduction program in Nigeria. The author Charles Mark gives us fresh perspectives on the existing commercial agent's regulations in England and Scottland. Yet another exciting short story by Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer is refreshing and fun to read.


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