The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...
The current issue of the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts brings exciting news to our readers along with eight novel contributions to the scientific, humanities, and arts fields. We dedicated this issue mainly to philosophy, ethics, law, and arts, which is mainly focused on the interdisciplinary relationship between these fields. We expect that you will enjoy it and we are already looking forward to what the next JOSHA articles will bring to our Science, Humanities, and Arts community.
The International Master in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) team and the International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) are happy to announce that an exhibition of regional artists will accompany the Symposium "Science, Ethics and Arts", which is open to the general public on Friday, October 14 at the “Haus zur Lieben Hand” in Freiburg im Breisgau. The art exhibition will be opened during the symposium break at 1:30 pm and after the symposium at 5 pm. The following artists will present selected works: Anna Boksa Krawczak (photograph), Giulia Musella (painting), John Tun Sein (painting) and Ludwig Köhler (sculpture).
Cristina Arranz, Christoph Borner
The School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry of the University of Buenos Aires hosts the third International Congress on Translational Medicine on November 21st and 22nd, under the auspices of the German Embassy in Buenos Aires and the Asociacion de Universidades Grupo Montevideo. The International Congress will be held in the context of the International Master Program in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) Cooperation, a German-Argentinean Study Program from the Universities of Freiburg and Buenos Aires which is currently being extended to the University of Montevideo, Uruguay. The Master Program was launched in 2008 and has already paved the way for many graduates who joined academic and professional careers. A broad range of topics in the fields of Molecular Biology and Medicine as well as Microsystems and Bioethics will be covered by the two-day Congress. Moreover, Prof. Dr.
Bujar Q. Bajçinovci
INSTITUTION: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Prishtina, Kosovo. The world continues to expand its development in all possible spheres, and this expanding is in an arithmetic mode of progression, hence, as well the population continues to grow. So, in terms of urban dynamics, sustainable architecture and artistic challenges as presents this phenomenon, we need more environmental and sustainable clear objectives. What are hybrid buildings? What do they present? Currently, the potential for hybrid buildings has taken a real evolutive urban concept, in relation, and as a consequence of economics, lack of open spaces, spatial contemporary concepts with the urban prerequisites has increased the overall value of urban future zones. This paper explores the design concepts of structured hybrid buildings as a creative interdependence between science, art, architecture and human development.
Police and Crime Commissioners in the United Kingdom: A Compelling Case for Enhancing Public Participation in Crime Control Institutions?
The phenomenon of crime is as ancient as organized society. Crime control has traditionally been a state responsibility, managed by experts, with the public playing no substantive role. The state’s mechanism of coercive force in tackling crime derives from their mandate from the people, and the lack of public participation has caused a gradual erosion of legitimacy. This has led to criticisms of crime control institutions on accountability and effectiveness. The United Kingdom’s development of the post of Police and Crime Commissioner as a model for public participation has been seen as a step towards increased transparency but has suffered similar criticisms. This article looks at whether the case for enhanced public participation is compelling and whether the United Kingdom’s attempt towards public participation works. INSTITUTION: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford.
‘Structure, Image and Ideas at play’: A revisitation into the select Medical thrillers from a Grotesque lens
Jasmine Fernandez, Amarjeet Nayak
INSTITUTION: Department of Humanities and Social Science, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India. Medical thriller is one of the bestseller genre fictions among the popular fiction category in the contemporary times according to publishers and booksellers’ list. In spite of that fact, it has been relegated to the margins of literature based on the academic critique of being ‘low literature’ and also as an embodiment of clashing bioethical facets that perplexes the reader's mind. Against this grain, this discussion attempts to argue that medical thriller is a significant contribution as a genre and a cultural phenomenon, primarily drawn from a grotesque lens. Grotesque in these novels are displayed as a ‘play’ in its various representations, engagements, use and effect of the techno-driven medical culture which Frances S. Connelly asserts as very much intrinsic to the ideation of grotesque in The Grotesque in Western Art and Culture (2006).
Past, Present and Future of a Successful International Collaboration: An Interview with Prof. Dr. Marta Mollerach
Prof. Dr. Marta Mollerach is an Associate Professor of Microbiology at the University of Buenos Aires and an Independent Researcher of CONICET. She is currently the Secretary of International Affairs of the School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry and the Executive Academic Director of the International Master Program in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS). In our interview with her, we discussed the past, present and future of the Argentinean-German academic and scientific collaboration and the successful track of the IMBS during the past eight years. This friendly while professional interview gives insight into the potentials of a partnership of this magnitude. We hope you'll enjoy reading this article as much as we enjoyed its writing.
Kaltrina Thaçi, Bujar Q. Bajçinovci
INSTITUTION: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Prishtina, Kosovo. There are a lot of disagreements on whether heritage assets and boon should be valued. A number of national and international accounting standards boards consider that bringing heritage assets on the balance sheet would improve the quality of the information reported. In order to include heritage assets in the balance sheet, it is necessary to understand what they really represent. Hence, conceptually there is much cogitation among professionals about whether heritage assets should be indeed classified as assets, or whether they meet the rationale at all, given that a crucial part of the definition of an asset is that it should provide future wellbeing and benefit to the society. The research methods consist of empirical observation, focusing on the castle campus structure.
The „reasonable reason“ in the German Animal-Protection-Statute (Tierschutzgesetz) – at the same time a commentary on the chicken-decision of the Oberverwaltungsgericht NRW
In Germany, the legal aspects of large scale killing of male chicken after hatching have been addressed in Criminal Law as well as Administrative Law. According to the German Animal-Protection-Statute the killing is permitted, if it is based on a reasonable reason. The “Oberverwaltungsgericht NRW” has now ruled that economic considerations can be a reasonable reason. This article takes a closer look at the decision and “the reasonable reason” concept in this context leading to the result that economic considerations cannot be accepted as reasonable reasons and that therefore the killing of the chicken is unlawful. INSTITUTION: Faculty of Law, University Freiburg, Germany. [Article in German]
The current issue of the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts brings us eight novel contributions to the scientific, humanities, and arts fields. In this issue we have included articles about science, health, philosophy, ethics, arts, and even economy. This issue is mainly focused on the interdisciplinary relationship between these diverse fields. We hope that you will enjoy this issue as much as we enjoyed selecting its content for you.
Die Freiburger Opernsängerin Kim-Lillian Strebel wird von der International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts gefördert.
Felicitas S. Holzer, Stephan Seiler
We congratulate Kim-Lillian Strebel who is part of the opera ensemble at the Freiburg Theater on her brilliant performance as Fiordiligi in Mozart’s opera 'Così fan tutte'. This young artist has been awarded a one-year scholarship by the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA). We are happy to present a portrait of an interesting and passionate young lady succeeding in the opera world. Read more about the Interview with Kim-Lillian! [Article in German]
Frank Obergfell, Philippe Merz
Renewing Europe – an interview with Dr. Markus Kerber who has been the executive director of the Federal Association of German Industry (BDI) since 2011. The following interview between the Thales Academy for Economy and Philosophy Freiburg, Germany, and Dr. Kerber has previously been published in the journal agora42, issue 03/2016. agora42 is a philosophical business journal. The fact that there is need of a journal that brings together economic and philosophical considerations tells us a lot about our current time – a time in which it is a difficult task to stay on top of economic and social issues. Thus, agora42 aims at keeping oversight and exposing complex economic and social processes in order to give a most comprehensive orientation to the readers. Each issue of agora42 addresses a specific topic and sheds light on it from various perspectives. 10.000 exemplars are currently circulated and published every three month in German-speaking countries. www.agora42.
Werner Schempp, Daniel Corach, Evguenia Alechine
The Y chromosome is a genomic niche for genes involved in male gamete production. The existence of an azoospermia factor (AZF) in its long arm is a key genetic determinant for spermatogenesis since its deletion is associated with infertility. Deletions in the AZFc region are the most frequent known genetic cause of male infertility. This region contains eight gene families involved in spermatogenesis, including Deleted in Azoospermia (DAZ) and the Chromodomain Protein Y (CDY) genes. AZFc displays significant variation across the male population; nonetheless, the phenotypical consequences of some of these variants remain unclear. Many Y-chromosome geographically differentiated haplogroups have been defined in the human population. However, the information available on the Y chromosome sequence in GenBank belongs only to the European haplogroup R. Recent studies have shown that high mutation rates have driven extensive structural polymorphism among human Y chromosomes.
Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland Mertelsmann, Christoph Borner
INSTITUTION: Institut für molekulare Medizin und Zellforschung, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. The International Master in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) team invites you to the Symposium “Science, Ethics and Arts”. IMBS is a joint Program and collaboration between the Albert Ludwig University Freiburg and the University of Buenos Aires. We annually welcome students from all parts of the world. We warmly invite you to attend the Workshop "Science, Ethics and Arts", which is subject to registration from Monday, October 10 to Thursday, October 13, 2016. This Workshop is an integral part of the two-year Master program in Biomedical Sciences. Lecturers from the Albert Ludwig University Freiburg, the Thales Academy Freiburg, the University of Buenos Aires, FLACSO Buenos Aires, and the National University of Mexico will address topics related to the ethics of human health, science, technology, and research.
Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland Mertelsmann, Christoph Borner
INSTITUTION: Institut für molekulare Medizin und Zellforschung, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. The International Master in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) team invites you to the Symposium “Science, Ethics and Arts”. IMBS is a joint Program and collaboration between the Albert Ludwig University Freiburg and the University of Buenos Aires. We annually welcome students from all parts of the world. We warmly invite you to attend the Symposium "Science, Ethics and Arts", which is open to the general public on Friday, October 14. Please register at firstname.lastname@example.org. The Symposium is preceded by a four-day intense Training Course and Workshop. Speakers from the Albert Ludwig University Freiburg, University of Buenos Aires, FLACSO Buenos Aires, the National University of Mexico, and the National Centre of Tumor Diseases (NCT) Heidelberg will address topics related to the ethics of human health, environment, science, technology, and research.
Trading participation for access to health-care: A morally relevant feature of participation in clinical research
Silvia Camporesi, Matteo Mameli
INSTITUTION: Department of Social Science, Health and Medicine, King’s College, London, UK. The increasing tendency to run clinical trials offshore in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has been extensively documented. In parallel, in high-income countries (HICs) as the US, we are witnessing the emergence of new forms of clinical research where un(der)insured fractions of the population are trading access for participation to health-care to which they would otherwise not have access. We first discuss Wertheimer’s analysis of offshored clinical trials as mutually advantageous exploitative transactions. We then argue that to make sense of what is morally problematic with the offshoring of clinical research it is necessary to broaden the ethical analysis, as there are different kinds of moral wrongs that can be linked to exploitation.
Lamarck attributed the transformation of species to the inheritance of acquired features. Although not completely convincing in his time, even Darwin accepted this concept in his “Pangenesis” Hypothesis. Later experiments to confirm Lamarck`s concept failed. Nevertheless, Lamarck had a pronounced effect on communistic science, research projects and political strategies, closely associated with Trofin D. Lyssenko (1898-1976). Lamarck`s model cannot explain the evolution of species as we understand it today, since his concept stipulated the transformation of arts, not a common ancestral tree for all species. INSTITUTION: Institute of Biology, Free University Berlin, Berlin, Germany. [Article in German]
Rechenwelten. Computersimulationen machen komplexe Systeme greifbar Mathematical worlds. Computer Simulations allow to comprehend complex systems
The first simulation experiments were performed early in the 20th century. But it was with the development of high performance computing that simulations became a powerful tool in science and engineering. Simulation experiments have some obvious advantages: they are cheaper and easier to achieve than real world experiments, and they allow testing for dangerous outcomes. Their main application consists in simulating complex processes that cannot be calculated right away. To be simulated, a problem has to be given an appropriate mathematical form; the simulation will then be able to approximate possible behaviours of the simulated system. For the philosophy of science, simulation experiments bear questions like: Do simulations really help to understand the ongoing processes? How can one know that the simulated process equals the real process in relevant ways? INSTITUTION: Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Forschung der Universität Bielefeld, 33615 Bielefeld, GERMANY