The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

ISSN: 2364-0626 Volume 4, Issue 6

Somatic mutation or epigenetic modification - Somatische Mutation oder epigenetische Modifikation

Horst Kress

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.370

Languages: German

In the first essay on the subject of the „Renaissance of Lamarckism“ (JOSHA Vol. 3, Issue 4), we explored the historical roots of this term. We saw that Lamarck's (1744-1829) concept ofabout the inheritance of characteristics acquired during an individual`s life through active adaptation was initially even accepted by Darwin. However, since neither the scientific nor the social/political experiment could validate this thesis, it is to be understood that until the 20th century Lamarck's ideas did not gain a foothold in the advancing natural sciences and were more or less pushed out of consciousness, In order to be able to come closer to the topic of inheritance of acquired characteristics, we will first deal with the development of the elucidation of the structure and function of the chromosomes in the present essay.


Photography and the Visual Brain

Chiara Salabé

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.369

Languages: English

Photography has the aim to provide knowledge about the world we live in seizing from the continually changing information one unique moment which expresses the reality (of the artist). Also the brain must discount a great deal of the information which is not essential to its aim of representing the true character of objects. OBJECTIVE: This essay describes the pathways of the brain preceding a camera shot, from the external sensory stimulus, to the elaboration in the neocortex, and finally to the response in the motor action represented by the “click”. The focus is on the visual brain; we will see how it is characterized by a set of parallel processing of perceptual stimuli as well as temporal hierarchical awareness of perception. We will also briefly describe how the elaboration of the external stimulus is transferred into motor action, which in the case of photography is able to capture the essential feature of a specific reality in a fraction of a second.


Herr Frühling und Frau Winter

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.368

Languages: German, Persian

Persian literature has always been characterized by narrations, legends, proverbs and long stories about the changes in all circumstances of humanity and the changes of nature through the change of seasons. Many fairy tales have been passed from one generation to the next and have maintained a current and different version until today. The Fairy tale about the love between Mr. Sprig (Amou Norouz) and Ms. Winter (Nanne Sarma) is estimated to be more than 2000 years old. In this old narration, Mr. Spring symbolizes the new beginning, the growth of nature and the Persian New year with the beginning of spring. In contrast, Ms. Winter represents frost, rigidity and stagnation. Both characters together reflect the end of the Persian year with the end of winter and the beginning of the Persian year with the beginning of spring. In a blink of an eye, Ms. Winter, with her departure, brings an end to the cold. While Mr.


Search for synthetic and natural substances with in vitro bioactivity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Part I

Maria-Fernanda Moreno , Wellman Ribón

Affiliation: Universidad Industrial de Santander.

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.367

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

INTRODUCTION: tuberculosis (TB) is still considered as an important worldwide health problem. For this reason, national and international health agencies encourage the researchers to improve and strengthen the control strategies and disease treatment. Currently, there have been important advances in the discovery and development of drugs that probably will be included in the standard scheme of anti-TB treatment, however for many of the current treatments, there have been resistant strains reported and even worst for most of the new treatments resistance is expected, making it necessary to maintain a continuous search for treatment alternatives. OBJECTIVE: determine the in vitro antimycobacterial activity of 15 synthetic molecules, 14 essential oils and 6 extracts from endemic plants growing in the department of Santander, Colombia.


Language Feature and New Sections in JOSHA

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.366

Languages: English

JOSHA keeps improving to allow our readers a more pleasant, productive and easy access to the multidisciplinary papers and books of JOSHA Journal and Demetrios Books covering all aspects of human creativity and discovery with a global perspective. As a multilingual platform and with the goal of allowing our worldwide readers an easier access to their language of preference, beginning in December 2017 JOSHA included the "Select language to filter search" option. With this new feature, it will be possible to sort all the content in JOSHA by language.During the submission process, it is now required to select the language the article is written on. Additionally, Due to the great reception of JOSHA and in response to the needs of our authors and readers we introduce new sections on our webpage, JOSHA Performing arts, music, DEMETRIOS Textbooks, DEMETRIOS Children's Books and DEMETRIOS Literary books.


The Legal Proverb: Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus. Das Rechtssprichwort: Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus

Detlef Liebs

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.365

Languages: German

The paper explains the background of the common Latin proverb use in the field of law: "fiat iustitia et pereat mundus". The history goes back to pope Hadrian VI. in 1522 and then the article discusses the changing of its meaning over the centuries through its translation and its usage. The proverb that was already used by Ferdinand I., Martin Luther and later Immanuel Kant in different contexts made its way through the centuries to become a popular saying for current lawyers. Liebs criticizes that with time, the different usage of the phrase led to the loss of its original meaning. Photo on the cover: Lorenzo Sabbatini (1530–1576). Justitia, 1565 Palazzo Vecchio. Photographer: Sailko, 16 April 2014. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ricetto,_affreschi_di_Lorenzo_Sabatini,_1565_,_06_giustizia.JPG


Die Tochter des Kaufmanns

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.364

Languages: German, Persian

The fairy tale ''The daughter of the businessman'' is an Iranian folktale which has been delivered orally from one generation to another in various versions. This fairy tale was in fact made popular by the famous Iranian story-teller Fazlollah Mohtadi, known as ''Sobhi'' in ''Diwan Balkh''and from Samad Behranghi in ''the fairy tales from Azerbaijan'' and it has been delivered in various versions with different titles. The fairy tale revolves around a beautiful, clever, brave and confident girl who defends herself all alone against prejudice and abuse. She embarks on a long, dangerous and an adventurous journey. At the end, she manages to prove the truth and defend herself. Finally, she marries the innkeeper who values her beauty, intelligence and wisdom and builds a life with him filled with harmony, respect and love. In this book, the Author and the Illustrator portrays this fairy tale in her own version in German and Persian languages.


The lynching of blacks in the United States of America - Photographs as historical memories

Giovanni Corvino, Claudia Bommino

Affiliation: Turin University

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.363

Languages: English

According to the literature, photographs of human lynching had an important role in supporting the practice and the predisposition to photographing. This act was globally common. The aim of this brief paper is to understand why photographs of blacks lynching by whites were so important in the United States of America, especially in the South.


Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View. Second Part.

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Universität Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.362

Languages: German

This article is the second topic of the dissertation: „Max Frisch – Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD’s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH’S characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What do we mean, when we talk about „life“ and do we really achieve all we want by doing nothing more than being ourselves? Does everyone need a certain „awakening“ in his life to understand what is really important? And does suicide mean the loss of identity or can it rather be seen as the search for a new kind of identity, hence is an awakening itself? The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976).


Apply by December 15th for the NEW IMBS Double Master Program in Biomedical Sciences: MSc from the University of Buenos Aires and MSc from Freiburg University

Christoph Borner, Marta Mollerach, Cristina Arranz, Roland Mertelsmann

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.361

Languages: English

The International Master of Science Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) is an international, interdisciplinary modular and fulltime study program for graduates with professional experience in health or life sciences, medicine or related fields. The IMBS program is a joint program between University of Freiburg (ALU) and the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) in Argentina. After successful graduation, the students will receive a double binational Master degree from the University of Buenos Aires and from Freiburg University. The program which is designed as an intense time of studies and research with practical training qualifies for success in academia or the private sector. It starts with 8 months basic unit in Buenos Aires, continues with an 8 months advanced unit in Freiburg including 5 months individually supervised lab rotation and ends with an 8 months Research Project which leads to a Master Thesis.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - ქართული

Giorgi Gotsiridz

Affiliation: International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.359

Languages: Georgian

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


Breve Introduzione all’Arrangiamento Jazz (Media Formazione) [A Short Introduction to Jazz Arranging (Middle-Sized Ensemble)]

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.357

Languages: Italian

In questo articolo viene trattata, in via esclusiva, la struttura di un tipico arrangiamento jazz, fornendo indicazioni riguardanti, fondamentalmente, le metodologie di scrittura. Proponiamo, come modello, un semplice arrangiamento di “Giant Steps”, rinomata composizione di Coltrane, adatto ad una formazione di medie dimensioni. L’organico consiste di sette elementi in tutto: tromba, sassofoni contralto e tenore, trombone, pianoforte, contrabbasso, batteria. Le varie tecniche di arrangiamento, quali parallelismo diatonico e tonicizzazione, vengono in questa sede menzionate ma non discusse. Infatti, ci limiteremo a palesare, sezione per sezione, le strategie adoperate al fine d’ottenere il risultato desiderato. In this paper we exclusively discuss the structure of a typical jazz arrangement, providing some indications concerning, predominantly, the writing methodologies.


ISSN: 2364-0626 Volume 4, Issue 5

Editorial and Table of Content Volume 4 Issue 5

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.358

Languages: English

Architecture and design dominate the 5th issue of JOSHA. Dr Bajçinovci, from the University of Pristine in Kosovo, published 4 new architectural textbooks. The JOSHA editorial team attended the Frankfurt Book Fair, taking part from the 11th to the 15th of October. The participation in the fair was extremely successful, it was a really interesting and important time for the whole team and gave us the opportunity to share our intentions and ideas with people from all around the world.We established great contacts with publishers from Iran, Georgia and Colombia and managed to inspire them with the great vision of making literature, textbooks and children's books available for all visitors of the JOSHA website. In the section of Medicine, Dr Gonzales et.al., from the Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia, published an original article in Spanish describing urinary tract infection (UTI) as a marker of poor outcome in children with severe neutropenia following chemotherapy.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Latviešu

Maruta Dörr

Affiliation: ma:liz Maruta Dörr desing

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.356

Languages: Latvian

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


RESEARCH CENTRES AND LABORATORIES - Architectural Design Principles

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.355

Languages: Albanian

The monograph presents the standards, normative, and the technical details of the Research Centres and Laboratories - Architectural Design Principles accompanied with charts, photographs, drawings, sketches and design guidelines. The textbook is divided into four extensive chapters. The first chapter, present and elaborates the intro of architectural design challenges. The second chapter, present and elaborates the environment conditions in Kosovo, data are provided from the official government publications for the need of the students. The third chapter, the main chapter of this monograph, describes the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles for the Research Centres and Laboratories. The fourth chapter, elaborates the infrastructure of the HVAC in the architectural conceptual design guidelines for the Research Centres and Laboratories, to be considered in the designing of the engineering systems.


THE VERTICAL FARM - Architectural Design Principles

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.354

Languages: Albanian

The monograph presents the standards, normative, and the technical details of the Vertical Farm - Architectural Design Principles accompanied with charts, photographs, drawings, sketches and contemporary design guidelines. The textbook is divided into four extensive chapters. The first chapter, present and elaborates the intro of Agriculture conditions in Kosovo. The second chapter, present and elaborates the statistical data about Agriculture in Kosovo, data are provided from the official government publications for the need of the students. The third chapter, the main chapter of this monograph, describes the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles for the vertical farming. The fourth chapter elaborates the hybridisation of the architectural conceptual compositions for the vertical farming, strengthened with the data, and sketches for the construction systems-materials to be considered in the design process of the Vertical Farm.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Italiano

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.353

Languages: Italian

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


Urinary Tract Infection As A Predictor Of Poor Prognosis In Pediatric Patients With Severe Febrile Neutropenia Related To Chemotherapy

Maria Paula Gonzalez Galvis, Luis Alfonso Díaz-Martínez et al.

Affiliation: Departamento de Pediatría, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Industrial de Santander. Bucaramanga, Colombia

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.352

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

The diminished inflammatory response in patients with febrile neutropenia secondary to chemotherapy makes it hard to discard a urinary tract infection based solely on the physical evaluation of the patient and basic urine laboratory tests. This could lead to false negative results with serious consequences to the patients. Objective: To define if the urinary tract infection is a high-risk predictor of severe complications in the pediatric patient with febrile neutropenia-related with chemotherapy and to establish the diagnostic significance of normal urine sediment in the initial study. Methods: A Cross-sectional study of diagnostic technology. We included children with ages from 2 to 18 years old, with severe febrile neutropenia related to chemotherapy, we compared patients with and without urinary tract infection and evaluated poor prognosis outcomes and analyzed the diagnostic efficiency of urinalysis.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Slovensky

Hana Andrlová

Affiliation: Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Department of Hematology and Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.351

Languages: Slovak

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


INDUSTRIAL COMPLEXES – Part 2 Planning and Design

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.350

Languages: Albanian

This is a second part of the monograph entitled Industrial Complexes, also, this part discusses and reflects the standards, technical details of the Industrial Complexes Architectural Design, accompanied by photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. The textbook is divided into four extensive chapters. The first chapter, present and elaborates the intro of the Industrial complexes in Kosovo. The second chapter, present and elaborates the lighting as a phenomenon related to the architectural design. The third chapter is the main chapter of this monograph which elaborates the typology and forms of the industrial buildings, followed by the fourth chapter of this monograph, which describes the criteria for material selection related to the applied construction systems in the industrial complexes. The monograph is conceptually designed to be divided into the two parts as the specificity of the study of Industrial Complexes - Architectural Planning and Design.


INDUSTRIAL COMPLEXES – Part 1 Planning and Design

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.348

Languages: Albanian

The monograph presents and reflects the standards, technical details of the Industrial Complexes Architectural Design, accompanied by photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. The textbook is divided into four extensive chapters. The first chapter, present and elaborates the history and intro of Industrial complexes in Kosovo. The second chapter, present and elaborates the World known theories for the Industry locations. The third chapter elaborates the main classification of the Industry and the environmental hazards, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describes the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles of the Industrial complexes architectural design. The monograph is conceptually designed to be divided into the two parts as the specificity of the study of Industrial Complexes - Architectural Planning and Design.


I am different. Am I different?

Nóra Javorniczky

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.349

Languages: Hungarian

I am different. Am I different? Although the integration of children with intellectual disabilities is improving constantly, educational materials are still lacking for the youngest age groups with the aim to introduce the idea of intellectual disabilities, and to show them that some of their peers, even though different from what we call average, are still organic and valuable members of the community. With my comic, I hope to give parents a tool to start conversations with kindergarten-age children to sensitize them to the topic and to promote openness towards children with intellectual disabilities. This project is in it's early stage, but I hope to have the opportunity to dedicate entire books to the topic in the future.


ART - THE MOTHER OF ALL DISCOVERIES.

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.347

Languages: English

On September 13, 2017, the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts editorial board, collaborators and close friends enjoyed a wonderful artistic night with the amazing performance by the soprano Kim-Lillian Strebel and pianist Daniel Carter, delightfully accompanied by the moving poetry of the young writer Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer. The beautiful Meckelhalle in Freiburg was the perfect scenario for this wonderful event.


JOSHA at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2017

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.346

Languages: English

Our team has been representing the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts at the Frankfurt Book Fair from October 11th to October 15th at the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. We are really thankful for the great cooperations we were able to establish and are looking forward to developing our projects including all the wonderful input we got at the book fair.


Load More Volume 4, Issue 4
Load More Volume 4, Issue 3
Load More Volume 4, Issue 2
Load More Volume 4, Issue 1
Load More Volume 3, Issue 7
Load More Volume 3, Issue 6
Load More Volume 3, Issue 5
Load More Volume 3, Issue 4
Load More Volume 3, Issue 3
Load More Volume 3, Issue 2
Load More Volume 3, Issue 1
Load More Volume 2, Issue 7
Load More Volume 2, Issue 6
Load More Volume 2, Issue 5
Load More Volume 2, Issue 4
Load More Volume 2, Issue 3
Load More Volume 2, Issue 2
Load More Volume 2, Issue 1
Load More Volume 1, Issue 1